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Bank Retreat and Streambank Morphology of a Meandering River during Summer and Single Flood Events in Northern Norway

Department of Hydraulic and Environmental Engineering, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7031 Trondheim, Norway
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Hydrology 2018, 5(4), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/hydrology5040068
Received: 11 November 2018 / Revised: 5 December 2018 / Accepted: 6 December 2018 / Published: 11 December 2018
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Abstract

In recent years, advanced methods for measuring riverbank migration have been used to understand the process of river planform evolution. However, the role of the so-called outer secondary cell in the hydraulic pattern in bank erosion remains unclear. For this purpose, a natural river meander with high curvature bends and steep riverbanks was chosen to quantify bank migration by high-resolution terrestrial laser scanning of three patches along two river bends in four time intervals. The first two time intervals were seasonal, from spring to autumn, and with relatively few water level changes, whereas the third and fourth time intervals were short, just before and after single flood peak events. The yielded point clouds were filtered and digital elevation models (DEMs) were created. These DEMs were used to analyze bank retreat, riverbank morphology, and slope gradient changes in order to understand the role of the outer secondary cell in these processes. In addition, it is shown that storm events causing short peaks in river discharge are less important for river migration than longer-lasting medium discharge. View Full-Text
Keywords: outer cell; river migration; meander; erosion; meandering; outer secondary cell; ADCP; terrestrial laser scanner outer cell; river migration; meander; erosion; meandering; outer secondary cell; ADCP; terrestrial laser scanner
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Foerst, M.; Rüther, N. Bank Retreat and Streambank Morphology of a Meandering River during Summer and Single Flood Events in Northern Norway. Hydrology 2018, 5, 68.

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