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Open AccessArticle

Living the Sweet Life: How Liquorilactobacillus hordei TMW 1.1822 Changes Its Behavior in the Presence of Sucrose in Comparison to Glucose

1
Lehrstuhl für Technische Mikrobiologie, Technische Universität München (TUM), 85354 Freising, Germany
2
Bavarian Center for Biomolecular Mass Spectrometry (BayBioMS), 85354 Freising, Germany
3
Lehrstuhl für Genomorientierte Bioinformatik, Technische Universität München (TUM), 85354 Freising, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(9), 1150; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9091150
Received: 2 August 2020 / Revised: 14 August 2020 / Accepted: 17 August 2020 / Published: 21 August 2020
Liquorilactobacillus (L.) hordei (formerly Lactobacillus hordei) is one of the dominating lactic acid bacteria within the water kefir consortium, being highly adapted to survive in this environment, while producing high molecular weight dextrans from sucrose. In this work, we extensively studied the physiological response of L. hordei TMW 1.1822 to sucrose compared to glucose, applying label-free, quantitative proteomics of cell lysates and exoproteomes. This revealed the differential expression of 53 proteins within cellular proteomes, mostly associated with carbohydrate uptake and metabolism. Supported by growth experiments, this suggests that L. hordei TMW 1.1822 favors fructose over other sugars. The dextransucrase was expressed irrespectively of the present carbon source, while it was significantly more released in the presence of sucrose (log2FC = 3.09), being among the most abundant proteins within exoproteomes of sucrose-treated cells. Still, L. hordei TMW 1.1822 expressed other sucrose active enzymes, predictively competing with the dextransucrase reaction. While osmolysis appeared to be unlikely, sucrose led to increased release of a multitude of cytoplasmic proteins, suggesting that biofilm formation in L. hordei is not only composed of a polysaccharide matrix but is also of proteinaceous nature. Therefore, our study highlights the intrinsic adaptation of water kefir-borne L. hordei to sucrose-rich habitats and provides fundamental knowledge for its use as a starter culture in plant-based food fermentations with in situ dextran formation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Liquorilactobacillus hordei; Lactobacillus hordei; dextransucrase; proteomics; exoproteome; water kefir; sucrose; metabolism Liquorilactobacillus hordei; Lactobacillus hordei; dextransucrase; proteomics; exoproteome; water kefir; sucrose; metabolism
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Bechtner, J.; Ludwig, C.; Kiening, M.; Jakob, F.; Vogel, R.F. Living the Sweet Life: How Liquorilactobacillus hordei TMW 1.1822 Changes Its Behavior in the Presence of Sucrose in Comparison to Glucose. Foods 2020, 9, 1150.

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