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Open AccessArticle

Mesopelagic Species and Their Potential Contribution to Food and Feed Security—A Case Study from Norway

Institute of Marine Research, P.O. Box 1870, Nordnes, NO-5817 Bergen, Norway
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Foods 2020, 9(3), 344; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9030344
Received: 7 February 2020 / Revised: 28 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 March 2020 / Published: 16 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Foods and Nutritional Function)
The projected increase in global population will demand a major increase in global food production. There is a need for more biomass from the ocean as future food and feed, preferentially from lower trophic levels. In this study, we estimated the mesopelagic biomass in three Norwegian fjords. We analyzed the nutrient composition in six of the most abundant mesopelagic species and evaluated their potential contribution to food and feed security. The six species make up a large part of the mesopelagic biomass in deep Norwegian fjords. Several of the analyzed mesopelagic species, especially the fish species Benthosema glaciale and Maurolicus muelleri, were nutrient dense, containing a high level of vitamin A1, calcium, selenium, iodine, eicopentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and cetoleic acid. We were able to show that mesopelagic species, whose genus or family are found to be widespread and numerous around the globe, are nutrient dense sources of micronutrients and marine-based ingredients and may contribute significantly to global food and feed security. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesopelagic; nutrients; Benthosema glaciale; Maurolicus muelleri; trace elements; minerals; fatty acids; vitamin A; vitamin D mesopelagic; nutrients; Benthosema glaciale; Maurolicus muelleri; trace elements; minerals; fatty acids; vitamin A; vitamin D
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Alvheim, A.R.; Kjellevold, M.; Strand, E.; Sanden, M.; Wiech, M. Mesopelagic Species and Their Potential Contribution to Food and Feed Security—A Case Study from Norway. Foods 2020, 9, 344.

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