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Article

Synergistic Effects of Mild Heating and Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma on the Reduction of Bacillus Cereus in Red Pepper Powder

Department of Seafood and Aquaculture Science/Institute of Marine Industry, Gyeongsang National University, Tongyeong 53064, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2020, 9(2), 171; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9020171
Received: 24 December 2019 / Revised: 31 January 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 11 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Technologies for Determination of Contamination in Foods)
The synergistic efficacy of a combined treatment of mild heat (MH) and dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) plasma in Bacillus cereus-contaminated red pepper powder was tested. A cocktail of three strains of B. cereus (NCCP 10623, NCCP 14579, ATCC 11778) was inoculated onto red pepper powder and then treated with MH (60 °C for 5–20 min) and DBD plasma (5–20 min). Treatment with MH and DBD plasma alone for 5–20 min resulted in reductions of 0.23–1.43 and 0.12–0.96 log CFU/g, respectively. Combined treatment with MH and DBD plasma was the most effective at reducing B. cereus counts on red pepper powder, and resulted in log-reductions of ≥6.0 log CFU/g. The largest synergistic values (4.24–4.42 log) against B. cereus in red pepper powder were obtained by the combination of 20 min MH and 5–15 min DBD plasma. The values of Hunter color ‘‘L’’, ‘‘a’’, and ‘‘b’’, were not significantly different from those of the untreated sample and that with the combination of MH (60 °C for 5–20 min) and DBD plasma (5–20 min). Also, no significant (p > 0.05) differences in pH values between samples were observed. Therefore, these results suggest that the combination of MH treatment and DBD plasma can be potentially utilized in the food industry to effectively inactivate B. cereus without incurring quality deterioration of red pepper powder. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bacillus cereus; mild heating; dielectric barrier discharge plasma; red pepper powder; food safety; quality Bacillus cereus; mild heating; dielectric barrier discharge plasma; red pepper powder; food safety; quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, E.B.; Choi, M.-S.; Kim, J.Y.; Park, S.Y. Synergistic Effects of Mild Heating and Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma on the Reduction of Bacillus Cereus in Red Pepper Powder. Foods 2020, 9, 171. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9020171

AMA Style

Jeon EB, Choi M-S, Kim JY, Park SY. Synergistic Effects of Mild Heating and Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma on the Reduction of Bacillus Cereus in Red Pepper Powder. Foods. 2020; 9(2):171. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9020171

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeon, Eun B.; Choi, Man-Seok; Kim, Ji Y.; Park, Shin Y. 2020. "Synergistic Effects of Mild Heating and Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma on the Reduction of Bacillus Cereus in Red Pepper Powder" Foods 9, no. 2: 171. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods9020171

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