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Article

Polyphenol-Rich and Alcoholic Beverages and Metabolic Status in Adults Living in Sicily, Southern Italy

1
Department of Nursing Management and Epidemiology Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 31-501 Krakow, Poland
2
Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
3
Department of Health Service and Epidemiological Observatory, Health Authority Sicily Region, 90145 Palermo, Italy
4
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, 71122 Foggia, Italy
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Biomedical Department of Internal and Specialist Medicine (DIBIMIS), University of Palermo, 90123 Palermo, Italy
6
Research Center for Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Celia Carrillo
Foods 2021, 10(2), 383; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020383
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 5 February 2021 / Accepted: 6 February 2021 / Published: 9 February 2021
Polyphenol-rich beverage consumption is not univocally accepted as a risk modulator for cardio-metabolic risk factors, despite mechanistic and epidemiological evidence suggesting otherwise. The aim of this study was to assess whether an association between polyphenol-rich beverage consumption and metabolic status could be observed in a Mediterranean cohort with relatively low intake of tea, coffee, red and white wine, beer, and fresh citrus juice. Demographic and dietary characteristics of 2044 adults living in southern Italy were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the association between polyphenol-rich and alcoholic beverage consumption and metabolic status adjusted for potential confounding factors. Specific polyphenol-rich beverages were associated, to a various extent, with metabolic outcomes. Individuals with a higher total polyphenol-rich beverages had higher polyphenols intake and were less likely to have hypertension, type-2 diabetes, and dyslipidemia (OR = 0.57, 95% CI: 0.44–0.73; OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.26–0.66; and OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.29–0.57, respectively). However, when adjusted for potential confounding factors, only the association with hypertension remained significant (OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.50–0.94). Current scientific evidence suggests that such beverages may play a role on cardio-metabolic risk factors, especially when consumed within the context of a dietary pattern characterized by an intake of a plurality of them. However, these associations might be mediated by an overall healthier lifestyle. View Full-Text
Keywords: beverages; polyphenols; phenolic acids; flavonoids; hydroxycinnamic acids; chlorogenic acid; wine; beer; coffee; tea; juice beverages; polyphenols; phenolic acids; flavonoids; hydroxycinnamic acids; chlorogenic acid; wine; beer; coffee; tea; juice
MDPI and ACS Style

Micek, A.; Godos, J.; Cernigliaro, A.; Cincione, R.I.; Buscemi, S.; Libra, M.; Galvano, F.; Grosso, G. Polyphenol-Rich and Alcoholic Beverages and Metabolic Status in Adults Living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Foods 2021, 10, 383. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020383

AMA Style

Micek A, Godos J, Cernigliaro A, Cincione RI, Buscemi S, Libra M, Galvano F, Grosso G. Polyphenol-Rich and Alcoholic Beverages and Metabolic Status in Adults Living in Sicily, Southern Italy. Foods. 2021; 10(2):383. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020383

Chicago/Turabian Style

Micek, Agnieszka, Justyna Godos, Achille Cernigliaro, Raffaele I. Cincione, Silvio Buscemi, Massimo Libra, Fabio Galvano, and Giuseppe Grosso. 2021. "Polyphenol-Rich and Alcoholic Beverages and Metabolic Status in Adults Living in Sicily, Southern Italy" Foods 10, no. 2: 383. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020383

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