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Article

Acceptance of a Nordic, Protein-Reduced Diet for Young Children during Complementary Feeding—A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
Department of Clinical Sciences, Pediatrics, Umeå University, SE 901 85 Umeå, Sweden
2
Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet and Centre for Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Stockholm County Council, SE 104 31 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA
4
Functional Foods Forum, University of Turku, FI-20014 Turku, Finland
5
Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mar Larrosa
Foods 2021, 10(2), 275; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020275
Received: 7 January 2021 / Revised: 25 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 29 January 2021
Early life is critical for developing healthy eating patterns. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a Nordic, protein-reduced complementary diet (ND) compared to a diet following the current Swedish dietary guidelines on eating patterns and food acceptance. At 4–6 months (mo) of age infants were randomized to a Nordic group (NG, n = 41) or a Conventional group (CG, n = 40), and followed until 18 mo of age. Daily intake of fruits and vegetables (mean ± sd) at 12 mo was significantly higher in the NG compared to the CG: 341 ± 108 g/day vs. 220 ± 76 g/day (p < 0.001), respectively. From 12 to 18 mo, fruit and vegetable intake decreased, but the NG still consumed 32% more compared to the CG: 254 ± 99 g/day vs. 193 ± 67 g/day (p = 0.004). To assess food acceptance, both groups were tested with home exposure meals at 12 and 18 mo. No group differences in acceptance were found. We find that a ND with parental education initiates healthy eating patterns during infancy, but that the exposure meal used in the present study was insufficient to detect major differences in food acceptance. This is most likely explained by the preparation of the meal. Nordic produce offers high environmental sustainability and favorable taste composition to establish healthy food preferences during this sensitive period of early life. View Full-Text
Keywords: infant feeding; healthy eating; food preference; eating behavior; repeated exposure; vegetables; fruits; sustainable eating; environment infant feeding; healthy eating; food preference; eating behavior; repeated exposure; vegetables; fruits; sustainable eating; environment
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MDPI and ACS Style

Johansson, U.; Lindberg, L.; Öhlund, I.; Hernell, O.; Lönnerdal, B.; Lundén, S.; Sandell, M.; Lind, T. Acceptance of a Nordic, Protein-Reduced Diet for Young Children during Complementary Feeding—A Randomized Controlled Trial. Foods 2021, 10, 275. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020275

AMA Style

Johansson U, Lindberg L, Öhlund I, Hernell O, Lönnerdal B, Lundén S, Sandell M, Lind T. Acceptance of a Nordic, Protein-Reduced Diet for Young Children during Complementary Feeding—A Randomized Controlled Trial. Foods. 2021; 10(2):275. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020275

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johansson, Ulrica, Lene Lindberg, Inger Öhlund, Olle Hernell, Bo Lönnerdal, Saara Lundén, Mari Sandell, and Torbjörn Lind. 2021. "Acceptance of a Nordic, Protein-Reduced Diet for Young Children during Complementary Feeding—A Randomized Controlled Trial" Foods 10, no. 2: 275. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020275

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