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Article

Digital Media Use in Association with Sensory Taste Preferences in European Children and Adolescents—Results from the I.Family Study

1
Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology-BIPS, 28359 Bremen, Germany
2
Institute of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
3
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
4
Institute for Public Health and Nursing Research—IPP, University of Bremen, 28359 Bremen, Germany
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Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden
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Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Pécs, 7623 Pécs, Hungary
7
GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IIS Aragón), Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
8
Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS, Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, 20133 Milan, Italy
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Department of Management, Society and Communication, Copenhagen Business School, 2000 Frederiksberg, Denmark
10
Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, 83100 Avellino, Italy
11
Research and Education Institute of Child Health, 2035 Strovolos, Cyprus
12
Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, 11619 Tallinn, Estonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Reference to the I.Family Consortium is provided in the Acknowledgments.
Academic Editor: Luis Guerrero Asorey
Foods 2021, 10(2), 377; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020377
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 1 February 2021 / Accepted: 4 February 2021 / Published: 9 February 2021
Digital media (DM) influences children’s food choice. We aim to investigate associations between DM use and taste preferences (TP) for sweet, fatty, bitter, and salty in European children and adolescents. Individuals aged 6–17 years (N = 7094) providing cross-sectional data for DM use: television (TV), computer/game console (PC), smartphone and internet, were included. Children (6 to <12 years) and adolescents (≥12 years) completed a Food and Beverage Preference Questionnaire; scores were calculated for sweet, fatty, salty and bitter preference and categorized (high vs. low). Logistic regression was used to calculate odds ratios as association measures between DM exposure and TP. On average, individuals used media for 2.4 h/day (SD = 1.7). Increasing exposures to DM were associated positively with sweet, fatty and salty TP, while inversely with bitter preference. In female adolescents, DM exposure for >2 h/day was associated with sweet (OR = 1.27, 95% CI = 1.02–1.57) and fatty preference (OR = 1.37; 95% CI = 1.10–1.70). Internet exposure was inversely associated with bitter preference, notably in male adolescents (OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.50–0.84), but positively associated with salty preference (OR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.02–1.64). DM exposure was associated with sweet, fatty, salty and bitter TP in children and adolescents, serving as the basis for future longitudinal studies to shed light on the underlying mechanism by which DM exposure may determine eating habits. View Full-Text
Keywords: food preference; internet; smartphone; screen-time; digital marketing; I.Family study; taste preference; children food preference; internet; smartphone; screen-time; digital marketing; I.Family study; taste preference; children
MDPI and ACS Style

Sina, E.; Buck, C.; Ahrens, W.; De Henauw, S.; Jilani, H.; Lissner, L.; Molnár, D.; Moreno, L.A.; Pala, V.; Reisch, L.; Siani, A.; Solea, A.; Veidebaum, T.; Hebestreit, A.; on behalf of the I.Family Consortium. Digital Media Use in Association with Sensory Taste Preferences in European Children and Adolescents—Results from the I.Family Study. Foods 2021, 10, 377. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020377

AMA Style

Sina E, Buck C, Ahrens W, De Henauw S, Jilani H, Lissner L, Molnár D, Moreno LA, Pala V, Reisch L, Siani A, Solea A, Veidebaum T, Hebestreit A, on behalf of the I.Family Consortium. Digital Media Use in Association with Sensory Taste Preferences in European Children and Adolescents—Results from the I.Family Study. Foods. 2021; 10(2):377. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020377

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sina, Elida, Christoph Buck, Wolfgang Ahrens, Stefaan De Henauw, Hannah Jilani, Lauren Lissner, Dénes Molnár, Luis A. Moreno, Valeria Pala, Lucia Reisch, Alfonso Siani, Antonia Solea, Toomas Veidebaum, Antje Hebestreit, and on behalf of the I.Family Consortium. 2021. "Digital Media Use in Association with Sensory Taste Preferences in European Children and Adolescents—Results from the I.Family Study" Foods 10, no. 2: 377. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020377

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