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Processes 2019, 7(3), 153; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7030153

Drivers and Barriers in Using Industry 4.0: A Perspective of SMEs in Romania

1
Faculty of Finance, Banking and Accountancy, Dimitrie Cantemir Christian University, 040051 Bucharest, Romania
2
Faculty of Finance-Banking, Accounting and Business Administration, Titu Maiorescu University, 040051 Bucharest, Romania
3
Department of Management Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur 63100, Pakistan
4
Faculty of Business and Tourism, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies, 010374 Bucharest, Romania
5
Faculty of Economic Sciences, 1 Decembrie 1918 University, 510009 Alba-Iulia, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 February 2019 / Revised: 2 March 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
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Abstract

Considering the worldwide evolutionary stage of Industry 4.0, this study wants to fill in a lack of information and decision-making, trying to answer a question about the level of preparation of Romanian Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) regarding the implementation of the new technology. The main purpose of this article is to identify the opinions and perceptions of SME managers in Romania on the drivers and barriers of implementing Industry 4.0 technology for business development. The research method used in the study was analyzed by sampling using the questionnaire as a data collection tool. It includes closed questions, measured with a nominal and orderly scale. 176 managers provided complete and useful answers to this research. The collected data were analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) package using frequency tables, contingency tables, and main component analysis. Major contributions from research have highlighted the fact that Romania is in a full transition process from industry 2.0 to industry 4.0. There was also a high level of knowledge of the new Industry 4.0 technology, and a desire to implement it in the Romanian SMEs, as well as the low level of resources needed to implement it. View Full-Text
Keywords: Industry 4.0; SMEs; business; drivers; barriers; managers; digitalization; cloud computing; implementation; flexible manufacturing; systems; cyber-physical systems Industry 4.0; SMEs; business; drivers; barriers; managers; digitalization; cloud computing; implementation; flexible manufacturing; systems; cyber-physical systems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Türkeș, M.C.; Oncioiu, I.; Aslam, H.D.; Marin-Pantelescu, A.; Topor, D.I.; Căpușneanu, S. Drivers and Barriers in Using Industry 4.0: A Perspective of SMEs in Romania. Processes 2019, 7, 153.

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