A stick of length 1 is broken at random into n
smaller sticks. How much inequality does this procedure produce? What happens if, instead of breaking a stick, we break a square? What happens asymptotically? Which is the most egalitarian distribution of the smaller sticks (or rectangles)? Usually, when studying inequality, one uses a Lorenz curve. The more egalitarian a distribution, the closer the Lorenz curve is to the first diagonal of
. This is why in the first section we study the space of Lorenz curves. What is the limit of a convergent sequence of Lorenz curves? We try to answer these questions, firstly, in the deterministic case and based on the results obtained there in the stochastic one.
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