Next Article in Journal
Scoping Pharmacy Students’ Learning Outcomes: Where Do We Stand?
Next Article in Special Issue
Health Workers’ Perceptions and Expectations of the Role of the Pharmacist in Emergency Units: A Qualitative Study in Kupang, Indonesia
Previous Article in Journal
Pharmacy Practice and Education in Finland
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dispensing of Prescribed Medicines in Swiss Community Pharmacies-Observed Counselling Activities
Article Menu
Issue 1 (March) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Administration, Billing, and Payment for Pharmacy Student-Based Immunizations to Medicare Beneficiaries at Mobile Medicare Clinics

Department of Pharmacy Practice, Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA 95211, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2019, 7(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7010022
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 19 February 2019 / Accepted: 21 February 2019 / Published: 25 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pharmacist Services)
  |  
PDF [483 KB, uploaded 25 February 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Training student pharmacists to administer vaccinations requires a substantial investment in vaccines, supplies, and time. Few schools of pharmacy seek out or receive any reimbursement for the provision of vaccines, despite the fact it is a covered service. This study sought to implement, deliver, and demonstrate an innovative, financially sustainable curriculum-based immunization program by trained pharmacy students as part of their experiential learning. Thirty-nine community health clinics targeting Medicare beneficiaries were conducted throughout Northern/Central California during Medicare’s fall open enrollment periods between 2014–2016. American Pharmacists Association (APhA)-trained student pharmacists (under licensed pharmacist supervision) administered 1777 vaccinations. Vaccines were billed via a secure Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)-compliant web-based portal. The total net income was $11,905 and $8032 for 2015 and 2016, respectively. Return on investment was greatest for the influenza vaccine > Tdap > pneumococcal. Pharmacy students are already being trained to provide immunizations and can utilize their skills to deliver financially viable public health programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: immunization programs; mobile health units; experiential learning; billing; healthy people 2020 immunization programs; mobile health units; experiential learning; billing; healthy people 2020
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Woelfel, J.A.; Rogan, E.L.; Patel, R.A.; Ho, W.; Nguyen, H.V.; Highsmith, E.; Chang, C.; Nguyen, N.-T.; Sato, M.; Nguyen, D. Administration, Billing, and Payment for Pharmacy Student-Based Immunizations to Medicare Beneficiaries at Mobile Medicare Clinics. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 22.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Pharmacy EISSN 2226-4787 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top