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Climate 2019, 7(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7010012

Dust Devils: Structural Features, Dynamics and Climate Impact

1
Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 123242 Moscow, B. Gruzinskaya 10-1, Russia
2
Plasma Dynamics Group, Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S13JD, UK
3
Space and Geophysical Laboratory at Applied Research Laboratory at the University of Texas (ARLUT), Austin, TX 78712, USA
4
Plasma Dynamics Group, School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Sheffield, Hicks building, Sheffield S3 7RH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Second address: Space Research Institute, 84/32 Profsouznaya Str., 117997 Moscow, Russia.
Received: 23 November 2018 / Revised: 3 January 2019 / Accepted: 4 January 2019 / Published: 11 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Impact of Atmospheric Chemistry on Local Weather and Local Climate)
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Abstract

According to modern concepts, the main natural sources of dust in the atmosphere are dust storms and associated dust devils—rotating columns of rising dust. The impact of dust and aerosols on climate change in the past, present and future is one of the poorly understood and, at the same time, one of the fundamental elements needed for weather and climate forecasting. The purpose of this review is to describe and summarise the results of the study of dust devils in the Earth’s atmosphere. Special attention is given to the description of the 3D structures, the external flows and atmospheric gradients of temperature that lead to the generation and maintenance of the dust devils. View Full-Text
Keywords: dust devils; vortices dust devils; vortices
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Onishchenko, O.; Fedun, V.; Horton, W.; Pokhotelov, O.; Verth, G. Dust Devils: Structural Features, Dynamics and Climate Impact. Climate 2019, 7, 12.

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