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Polysaccharides from New Zealand Native Plants: A Review of Their Structure, Properties, and Potential Applications

Ferrier Research Institute, Victoria University of Wellington, 69 Gracefield Road, Lower Hutt 5040, New Zealand
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Plants 2019, 8(6), 163; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants8060163
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 6 June 2019 / Published: 9 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Polysaccharides)
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Abstract

Water-soluble, non-starch polysaccharides from plants are used commercially in a wide range of food and non-food applications. The increasing range of applications for natural polysaccharides means that there is growing demand for plant-derived polysaccharides with different functionalities. The geographical isolation of New Zealand and its unique flora presents opportunities to discover new polysaccharides with novel properties for a range of applications. This review brings together data published since the year 2000 on the composition and structure of exudate gums, mucilages, and storage polysaccharides extracted from New Zealand endemic land plants. The structures and properties of these polysaccharides are compared with the structures of similar polysaccharides from other plants. The current commercial use of these polysaccharides is reviewed and their potential for further exploitation discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: novel polysaccharide; characterization; rheology; New Zealand; applications novel polysaccharide; characterization; rheology; New Zealand; applications
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Carnachan, S.M.; Bell, T.J.; Hinkley, S.F.R.; Sims, I.M. Polysaccharides from New Zealand Native Plants: A Review of Their Structure, Properties, and Potential Applications. Plants 2019, 8, 163.

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