Post-Translational Modification of Proteins Mediated by Nitro-Fatty Acids in Plants: Nitroalkylation
AbstractNitrate fatty acids (NO2-FAs) are considered reactive lipid species derived from the non-enzymatic oxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids by nitric oxide (NO) and related species. Nitrate fatty acids are powerful biological electrophiles which can react with biological nucleophiles such as glutathione and certain protein–amino acid residues. The adduction of NO2-FAs to protein targets generates a reversible post-translational modification called nitroalkylation. In different animal and human systems, NO2-FAs, such as nitro-oleic acid (NO2-OA) and conjugated nitro-linoleic acid (NO2-cLA), have cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory influences in a broad spectrum of pathologies by modulating various intracellular pathways. However, little knowledge on these molecules in the plant kingdom exists. The presence of NO2-OA and NO2-cLA in olives and extra-virgin olive oil and nitro-linolenic acid (NO2-Ln) in Arabidopsis thaliana has recently been detected. Specifically, NO2-Ln acts as a signaling molecule during seed and plant progression and beneath abiotic stress events. It can also release NO and modulate the expression of genes associated with antioxidant responses. Nevertheless, the repercussions of nitroalkylation on plant proteins are still poorly known. In this review, we demonstrate the existence of endogenous nitroalkylation and its effect on the in vitro activity of the antioxidant protein ascorbate peroxidase. View Full-Text
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Aranda-Caño, L.; Sánchez-Calvo, B.; Begara-Morales, J.C.; Chaki, M.; Mata-Pérez, C.; Padilla, M.N.; Valderrama, R.; Barroso, J.B. Post-Translational Modification of Proteins Mediated by Nitro-Fatty Acids in Plants: Nitroalkylation. Plants 2019, 8, 82.
Aranda-Caño L, Sánchez-Calvo B, Begara-Morales JC, Chaki M, Mata-Pérez C, Padilla MN, Valderrama R, Barroso JB. Post-Translational Modification of Proteins Mediated by Nitro-Fatty Acids in Plants: Nitroalkylation. Plants. 2019; 8(4):82.Chicago/Turabian Style
Aranda-Caño, Lorena; Sánchez-Calvo, Beatriz; Begara-Morales, Juan C.; Chaki, Mounira; Mata-Pérez, Capilla; Padilla, María N.; Valderrama, Raquel; Barroso, Juan B. 2019. "Post-Translational Modification of Proteins Mediated by Nitro-Fatty Acids in Plants: Nitroalkylation." Plants 8, no. 4: 82.
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