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Plants 2018, 7(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants7010013

Immunomodulatory and Inhibitory Effect of Immulina®, and Immunloges® in the Ig-E Mediated Activation of RBL-2H3 Cells. A New Role in Allergic Inflammatory Responses

1
VivaCell Biotechnology GmbH, Denzlingen 79211, Germany
2
VivaCell Biotechnology España, Córdoba 14004, Spain
3
Dr. Loges + Co. GmbH, Winsen 21423, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 December 2017 / Revised: 22 January 2018 / Accepted: 23 February 2018 / Published: 26 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Medicinal Plants and Natural Product Research)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1996 KB, uploaded 26 February 2018]   |  

Abstract

Immulina®, a high-molecular-weight polysaccharide extract from the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina) is a potent activator of innate immune cells. On the other hand, it is well documented that Spirulina exerts anti-inflammatory effects and showed promising effects with respect to the relief of allergic rhinitis symptoms. Taking into account these findings, we decided to elucidate whether Immulina®, and immunLoges® (a commercial available multicomponent nutraceutical with Immulina® as a main ingredient) beyond immune-enhancing effects, might also exert inhibitory effects in the induced allergic inflammatory response and on histamine release from RBL-2H3 mast cells. Our findings show that Immulina® and immunLoges® inhibited the IgE-antigen complex-induced production of TNF-α, IL-4, leukotrienes and histamine. The compound 48/80 stimulated histamine release in RBL-2H3 cells was also inhibited. Taken together, our results showed that Immulina® and immunLoges® exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and inhibited the release of histamine from mast cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: allergy; inflammation; mast cells; Immulina®; immunLoges® allergy; inflammation; mast cells; Immulina®; immunLoges®
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Appel, K.; Munoz, E.; Navarrete, C.; Cruz-Teno, C.; Biller, A.; Thiemann, E. Immunomodulatory and Inhibitory Effect of Immulina®, and Immunloges® in the Ig-E Mediated Activation of RBL-2H3 Cells. A New Role in Allergic Inflammatory Responses. Plants 2018, 7, 13.

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