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Open AccessArticle

GIS-Based Assessment of Habitat Networks for Conservation Planning in Kas-Kekova Protected Area (Turkey)

1
Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, General Directorate for Protection of Natural Assets, Cankaya, 06530 Ankara, Turkey
2
Department of Geomatics Engineering, Konya Technical University, 42075 Konya, Turkey
3
Department of Geomatics Engineering, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9(2), 91; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi9020091
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 19 January 2020 / Accepted: 27 January 2020 / Published: 1 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Application of GIS for Biodiversity Research)
The determination of protected area (PA) boundaries and the level of restrictions is very important for sustainable conservation, and such decisions must involve biodiversity data and assessment. In a PA, the consensus of the government and the locals is crucial to ensure protection–use balance. The PA restrictions constrain legal human activities, and the boundary determination and the restrictions should be based on various scientific analyses to achieve consensus. In this study, a GIS-based approach is proposed to utilize the biodiversity data for efficient conservation and land use planning in Kas-Kekova PA, which is among the most important PAs in Turkey. Spatial analysis methods, i.e., kernel density estimation, natural breaks classification and integrated density index, were performed for the assessment of the habitat networks using georeferenced biodiversity datasets, and the results were evaluated with respect to the actual land use data and the land ownership pattern. The developed spatial analysis approach is efficient to produce the conservation base maps required for regional land use planning, for defining sustainable conservation strategies, and to provide a widely accepted base for land use planning and biodiversity monitoring in the PA; although careful investigations and expert opinions are still required for data deficient areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: Conservation planning; Aichi target 11; protected area network; geographical information systems; kernel density estimation; Kas-Kekova Turkey Conservation planning; Aichi target 11; protected area network; geographical information systems; kernel density estimation; Kas-Kekova Turkey
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Tezel, D.; Inam, S.; Kocaman, S. GIS-Based Assessment of Habitat Networks for Conservation Planning in Kas-Kekova Protected Area (Turkey). ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2020, 9, 91.

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