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Open AccessArticle

Towards Sustainable Urban Planning Through Transit-Oriented Development (A Case Study: Tehran)

Department of Geo-Spatial Information System, Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran 15433-19967, Iran
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6(12), 402;
Received: 28 October 2017 / Revised: 21 November 2017 / Accepted: 7 December 2017 / Published: 11 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Environment Mapping Using GIS)
PDF [1781 KB, uploaded 11 December 2017]


Sustainable development is regarded as a pivotal factor for smart urban planning. Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) is a well-known land use transportation integration (LUTI) planning method, which can fulfill sustainable development objectives. In this study, a new spatial index is developed to measure TOD levels in neighborhoods of Tehran, the capital of Iran. To develop the TOD index, several criteria and indicators are first computed using spatial analyses, before being aggregated using a fuzzy-analytic hierarchy process (fuzzy-AHP). The fuzzy-AHP method generates three types of factor maps: that are optimistic, pessimistic, and moderate. This process evaluates the sensitivity of the TOD index by determining the indicators’ weights from various views, or perspectives. The results of this sensitivity analysis show the robustness of results from various views. Furthermore, in order to assess the efficiency of the proposed method, the moderate TOD-level map is compared with both the level of public transit services and trip attraction in neighborhoods. This comparison shows that the TOD map has an accuracy of 77 percent in urban modeling, which verifies the efficiency of the proposed method for measuring TOD. View Full-Text
Keywords: fuzzy-AHP; land use; spatial analysis; sustainable urban planning; TOD; transportation fuzzy-AHP; land use; spatial analysis; sustainable urban planning; TOD; transportation

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Motieyan, H.; Mesgari, M.S. Towards Sustainable Urban Planning Through Transit-Oriented Development (A Case Study: Tehran). ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2017, 6, 402.

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