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ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi7010003

Exploring the Impact of Seasonality on Urban Land-Cover Mapping Using Multi-Season Sentinel-1A and GF-1 WFV Images in a Subtropical Monsoon-Climate Region

1
College of Resources and Environmental Sciences, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
2
Office of Baima Campus Construction, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 November 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 22 December 2017 / Published: 26 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Environment Mapping Using GIS)
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Abstract

The objective of this research was to investigate the impact of seasonality on urban land-cover mapping and to explore better classification accuracy by using multi-season Sentinel-1A and GF-1 wide field view (WFV) images, and the combinations of both types of images in subtropical monsoon-climate regions in Southeast China. We obtained multi-season Sentinel-1A and GF-1 WFV images, as well as the combinations of both data, by using a support vector machine (SVM) and a random forest (RF) classifier. The backscatter intensity, texture, and interference-coherence images were extracted from Sentinel-1A images, and different combinations of these Sentinel-1A-derived images were used to evaluate their ability to map urban land cover. The results showed that the performance of winter images was better than that of any other season, while the summer images performed the worst. Higher classification accuracy was achieved by using multi-season images, and satisfactory classification results were obtained when using Sentinel-1A images from only three seasons. The best classification result was achieved using a combination of all Sentinel-1A data from all four seasons and GF-1 WFV data from winter, with an overall accuracy of up to 96.02% and a kappa coefficient reaching 0.9502. The performance of textures was slightly better than that of the backscatter-intensity images. Although the coherence data performed the worst, it was still able to distinguish urban impervious surfaces well. In addition, the overall classification accuracy of RF was better than that of SVM. View Full-Text
Keywords: seasonality; multi-season images; GF-1; Sentinel-1; urban classification seasonality; multi-season images; GF-1; Sentinel-1; urban classification
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Zhou, T.; Zhao, M.; Sun, C.; Pan, J. Exploring the Impact of Seasonality on Urban Land-Cover Mapping Using Multi-Season Sentinel-1A and GF-1 WFV Images in a Subtropical Monsoon-Climate Region. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2018, 7, 3.

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