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Article

Integration and Analysis of Multi-Modal Geospatial Secondary Data to Inform Management of at-Risk Archaeological Sites

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School of Engineering, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
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School of History, Classics and Archaeology, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
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Nottingham Geospatial Institute, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2TU, UK
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Vindolanda, Bardon Mill, Hexham NE47 7JN, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sara Gonizzi Barsanti and Mario Santana Quintero
ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10(9), 575; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090575
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 1 August 2021 / Accepted: 5 August 2021 / Published: 24 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 3D Modeling and GIS for Historical Sites Reconstruction)
Climate change poses an imminent physical risk to cultural heritage sites and their surrounding landscape through intensifying environmental processes such as damaging wetting and drying cycles that disrupt archaeological preservation conditions, and soil erosion which threatens to expose deposits and alter the archaeological context of sites. In the face of such threats, geospatial techniques such as GIS, remote sensing, and spatial modelling have proved invaluable tools for archaeological research and cultural heritage monitoring. This paper presents the application of secondary multi-source and multi-temporal geospatial data within a processing framework to provide a comprehensive assessment of geophysical risk to the Roman fort of Magna, Carvoran, UK. An investigation into the ancient hydraulic system at Magna was carried out with analysis of vegetation change over time, and spatio-temporal analysis of soil erosion risk at the site. Due to COVID-19 restrictions in place at the time of this study, these analyses were conducted using only secondary data with the aim to guide further archaeological research, and management and monitoring strategies for the stakeholders involved. Results guided inferences about the ancient hydraulic system, providing insights regarding how to better manage the site at Magna in the future. Analysis of soil erosion allowed the identification of hot spot areas, indicating a future increase in rates of erosion at Magna and suggesting a seasonal period of higher risk of degradation to the site. Results have proven that freely available multi-purpose national-scale datasets are sufficient to create meaningful insights into archaeological sites where physical access to the site is inhibited. This infers the potential to carry out preliminary risk assessment to inform future site management practices. View Full-Text
Keywords: archaeology; climate change; erosion; geostatistics; GIS; hydraulic systems; LiDAR; NDVI; remote sensing; RUSLE archaeology; climate change; erosion; geostatistics; GIS; hydraulic systems; LiDAR; NDVI; remote sensing; RUSLE
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guiney, R.; Santucci, E.; Valman, S.; Booth, A.; Birley, A.; Haynes, I.; Marsh, S.; Mills, J. Integration and Analysis of Multi-Modal Geospatial Secondary Data to Inform Management of at-Risk Archaeological Sites. ISPRS Int. J. Geo-Inf. 2021, 10, 575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090575

AMA Style

Guiney R, Santucci E, Valman S, Booth A, Birley A, Haynes I, Marsh S, Mills J. Integration and Analysis of Multi-Modal Geospatial Secondary Data to Inform Management of at-Risk Archaeological Sites. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information. 2021; 10(9):575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090575

Chicago/Turabian Style

Guiney, Rebecca, Elettra Santucci, Samuel Valman, Adam Booth, Andrew Birley, Ian Haynes, Stuart Marsh, and Jon Mills. 2021. "Integration and Analysis of Multi-Modal Geospatial Secondary Data to Inform Management of at-Risk Archaeological Sites" ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 10, no. 9: 575. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijgi10090575

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