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Biomolecules 2019, 9(2), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom9020049

The Search for Natural Inhibitors of Biofilm Formation and the Activity of the Autoinductor C6-AHL in Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 13884

Grupo de Química Orgánica de Productos Naturales, Instituto de Química, Universidad de Antioquia, Calle 67 No. 53–10, Medellín 050010, Colombia
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Received: 5 December 2018 / Revised: 10 January 2019 / Accepted: 11 January 2019 / Published: 30 January 2019
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Abstract

Human nosocomial infections are common around the world. One of the main causes is the bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae, which shows high rates of resistance to antibiotics. Thus, drugs with novel mechanisms of action are needed. In this work, we report the effects of various natural substances on the formation of biofilm in Klebsiella pneumoniae, as well as its stability. The effect of the molecules on the growth of K. pneumoniae was initially determined by measuring the optical density. The modification of the biofilm, the changes relating to its resistance, the effects on the bacterial adhesion to the urethral catheter and its antagonist role the hexanoyl-homoserinelactone were assessed by crystal violet, as well as by microscopy. The best effects were obtained with 3-methyl-2(5H)-furanone and 2´-hydroxycinnamic acid, which inhibited the formation of biofilm by 67.38% and 65.06%, respectively. Additionally, the remaining biofilm formed was more susceptible to gentamicin. Through microscopy examination, there were evident changes in the biofilm and adherence on the polyvinyl chloride (PVC) urethral catheter. Besides, 3-methyl-2(5H)-furanone inhibited the biofilm-forming effect of the autoinducer hexanoyl-homoserinelactone. Thus, these molecules could be developed as supplemental of antibiotics. View Full-Text
Keywords: Klebsiella pneumoniae; resistance; biofilm; adherence; quorum sensing; inhibition; furan; pyran; phenyl-acyl compounds Klebsiella pneumoniae; resistance; biofilm; adherence; quorum sensing; inhibition; furan; pyran; phenyl-acyl compounds
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Cadavid, E.; Echeverri, F. The Search for Natural Inhibitors of Biofilm Formation and the Activity of the Autoinductor C6-AHL in Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 13884. Biomolecules 2019, 9, 49.

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