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Review

Microalgae: A Promising Source of Valuable Bioproducts

1
Institute of Living Systems, Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, A. Nevskogo Street 14, 236016 Kaliningrad, Russia
2
Laboratory of Biocatalysis, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, 650043 Kemerovo, Russia
3
Natural Nutraceutical Biotesting Laboratory, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, 650043 Kemerovo, Russia
4
Department of General Mathematics and Informatics, Kemerovo State University, Krasnaya Street 6, 650043 Kemerovo, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(8), 1153; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081153
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 4 August 2020 / Accepted: 5 August 2020 / Published: 6 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactives from Marine Products)
Microalgae are a group of autotrophic microorganisms that live in marine, freshwater and soil ecosystems and produce organic substances in the process of photosynthesis. Due to their high metabolic flexibility, adaptation to various cultivation conditions as well as the possibility of rapid growth, the number of studies on their use as a source of biologically valuable products is growing rapidly. Currently, integrated technologies for the cultivation of microalgae aiming to isolate various biologically active substances from biomass to increase the profitability of algae production are being sought. To implement this kind of development, the high productivity of industrial cultivation systems must be accompanied by the ability to control the biosynthesis of biologically valuable compounds in conditions of intensive culture growth. The review considers the main factors (temperature, pH, component composition, etc.) that affect the biomass growth process and the biologically active substance synthesis in microalgae. The advantages and disadvantages of existing cultivation methods are outlined. An analysis of various methods for the isolation and overproduction of the main biologically active substances of microalgae (proteins, lipids, polysaccharides, pigments and vitamins) is presented and new technologies and approaches aimed at using microalgae as promising ingredients in value-added products are considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae; biologically active substances; proteins; lipids; polysaccharides; vitamins; pigments microalgae; biologically active substances; proteins; lipids; polysaccharides; vitamins; pigments
MDPI and ACS Style

Dolganyuk, V.; Belova, D.; Babich, O.; Prosekov, A.; Ivanova, S.; Katserov, D.; Patyukov, N.; Sukhikh, S. Microalgae: A Promising Source of Valuable Bioproducts. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 1153. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081153

AMA Style

Dolganyuk V, Belova D, Babich O, Prosekov A, Ivanova S, Katserov D, Patyukov N, Sukhikh S. Microalgae: A Promising Source of Valuable Bioproducts. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(8):1153. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081153

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dolganyuk, Vyacheslav, Daria Belova, Olga Babich, Alexander Prosekov, Svetlana Ivanova, Dmitry Katserov, Nikolai Patyukov, and Stanislav Sukhikh. 2020. "Microalgae: A Promising Source of Valuable Bioproducts" Biomolecules 10, no. 8: 1153. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081153

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