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Lipid Profile, Lipoprotein Subfractions, and Fluidity of Membranes in Children and Adolescents with Depressive Disorder: Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in a Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study

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Institute of Medical Chemistry, Biochemistry and Clinical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Sasinkova 2, 813 72 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Department of Nuclear Physics and Biophysics, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina F1, 842 48 Bratislava, Slovakia
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1st Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Mickiewiczova 13, 81369 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Research and Development. Cultech Ltd., Unit 2 Christchurch Road, Port Talbot SA12 7BZ, UK
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Pediatric Center, Juvenalia, s.r.o, Veľkoblahovská 44A, 929 01 Dunajská Streda, Slovakia
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Institute of Experimental Endocrinology, Biomedical Research Center of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dúbravská cesta 9, 945 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
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Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and The National Institute of Children’s Diseases, Comenius University, Limbová 1, 833 40 Bratislava, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(10), 1427; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10101427
Received: 18 August 2020 / Revised: 2 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 October 2020 / Published: 8 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactives from Marine Products)
Depressive disorder (DD) is a psychiatric disorder whose molecular basis is not fully understood. It is assumed that reduced consumption of fish and omega-3 fatty acids (FA) is associated with DD. Other lipids such as total cholesterol (TCH), LDL-, and HDL-cholesterols (LDL-CH, HDL-CH) also play a role in depression. The primary endpoint of the study was the effect of omega-3 FA on the severity of depression in children and adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the secondary endpoint, relationship between depressive disorder symptoms and lipid profile, LDL- and HDL-cholesterol subfractions, Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) activities, and erythrocyte membrane fluidity in 58 depressed children and adolescents (calculated by the statistical program on the effect size), as well as the effect of omega-3 FA on the monitored parameters. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), lipid profile by standard biochemical procedures, and LDL- and HDL-subfractions by the Lipoprint system. Basic biochemical parameters including lipid profile were compared with levels in 20 healthy children and were in the physiological range. Improvement of symptoms in the group supplemented with a fish oil emulsion rich in omega-3 FA in contrast to omega-6 FA (emulsion of sunflower oil) has been observed. We are the first to report that omega-3 FAs, but not omega-6 FA, increase large HDL subfractions (anti-atherogenic) after 12 weeks of supplementation and decrease small HDL subfractions (proatherogenic) in depressed children. We found a negative correlation between CDI score and HDL-CH and the large HDL subfraction, but not LDL-CH subfractions. CDI score was not associated with erythrocyte membrane fluidity. Our results suggest that HDL-CH and its subfractions, but not LDL-CH may play a role in the pathophysiology of depressive disorder. The study was registered under ISRCTN81655012. View Full-Text
Keywords: depressive disorder; omega-3 fatty acids; lipid profile; fluidity of membrane; children and adolescents depressive disorder; omega-3 fatty acids; lipid profile; fluidity of membrane; children and adolescents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Katrenčíková, B.; Vaváková, M.; Waczulíková, I.; Oravec, S.; Garaiova, I.; Nagyová, Z.; Hlaváčová, N.; Ďuračková, Z.; Trebatická, J. Lipid Profile, Lipoprotein Subfractions, and Fluidity of Membranes in Children and Adolescents with Depressive Disorder: Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in a Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 1427. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10101427

AMA Style

Katrenčíková B, Vaváková M, Waczulíková I, Oravec S, Garaiova I, Nagyová Z, Hlaváčová N, Ďuračková Z, Trebatická J. Lipid Profile, Lipoprotein Subfractions, and Fluidity of Membranes in Children and Adolescents with Depressive Disorder: Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in a Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(10):1427. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10101427

Chicago/Turabian Style

Katrenčíková, Barbora, Magdaléna Vaváková, Iveta Waczulíková, Stanislav Oravec, Iveta Garaiova, Zuzana Nagyová, Nataša Hlaváčová, Zdenka Ďuračková, and Jana Trebatická. 2020. "Lipid Profile, Lipoprotein Subfractions, and Fluidity of Membranes in Children and Adolescents with Depressive Disorder: Effect of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in a Double-Blind Randomized Controlled Study" Biomolecules 10, no. 10: 1427. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10101427

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