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Immunomodulatory Activities of Selected Essential Oils
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Essentials Oils from Brazilian Eugenia and Syzygium Species and Their Biological Activities

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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém 66075-900, Brazil
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Programa Institucional de Bolsas de Iniciação Científica, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém 66075-900, Brazil
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Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
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Aromatic Plant Research Center, 230 N 1200 E, Suite 100, Lehi, UT 84043, USA
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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém 66075-900, PA, Brazil
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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís 64080-040, Brazil
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Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade do Estado do Pará, Belém 66050-540, Brazil
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(8), 1155; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081155
Received: 2 July 2020 / Revised: 17 July 2020 / Accepted: 30 July 2020 / Published: 6 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Perspectives of Essential Oils)
The Eugenia and Syzygium genera include approximately 1000 and 1800 species, respectively, and both belong to the Myrtaceae. Their species present economic and medicinal importance and pharmacological properties. Due to their chemical diversity and biological activity, we are reporting the essential oils of 48 species of these two genera, which grow in South America and found mainly in Brazil. Chemically, a total of 127 oil samples have been described and displayed a higher intraspecific and interspecific diversity for both Eugenia spp. and Syzygium spp., according to the site of collection or seasonality. The main volatile compounds were sesquiterpene hydrocarbons and oxygenated sesquiterpenes, mainly with caryophyllane and germacrane skeletons and monoterpenes of mostly the pinane type. The oils presented many biological activities, especially antimicrobial (antifungal and antibacterial), anticholinesterase, anticancer (breast, gastric, melanoma, prostate), antiprotozoal (Leishmania spp.), antioxidant, acaricidal, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory. These studies can contribute to the rational and economic exploration of Eugenia and Syzygium species once they have been identified as potent natural and alternative sources to the production of new herbal medicines. View Full-Text
Keywords: Eugenia spp; Syzygium spp; Myrtaceae; essential oil variability; mono- and sequiterpenes; biological properties Eugenia spp; Syzygium spp; Myrtaceae; essential oil variability; mono- and sequiterpenes; biological properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

da Costa, J.S.; da Cruz, E.d.N.S.; Setzer, W.N.; da Silva, J.K.d.R.; Maia, J.G.S.; Figueiredo, P.L.B. Essentials Oils from Brazilian Eugenia and Syzygium Species and Their Biological Activities. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081155

AMA Style

da Costa JS, da Cruz EdNS, Setzer WN, da Silva JKdR, Maia JGS, Figueiredo PLB. Essentials Oils from Brazilian Eugenia and Syzygium Species and Their Biological Activities. Biomolecules. 2020; 10(8):1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081155

Chicago/Turabian Style

da Costa, Jamile S., Ellen d.N.S. da Cruz, William N. Setzer, Joyce K.d.R. da Silva, José G.S. Maia, and Pablo L.B. Figueiredo. 2020. "Essentials Oils from Brazilian Eugenia and Syzygium Species and Their Biological Activities" Biomolecules 10, no. 8: 1155. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10081155

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