Next Article in Journal
Pathological Roles of Mitochondrial Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Dynamics in Cardiac Microvascular Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury
Previous Article in Journal
Therapeutic Strategies for Regulating Mitochondrial Oxidative Stress
Previous Article in Special Issue
Comparison of Physicochemical Properties of Bee Pollen with Other Bee Products
Open AccessReview

The Application of Pollen as a Functional Food and Feed Ingredient—The Present and Perspectives

1
Faculty of Agriculture, Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Belgrade, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Kazakh Research Institute of Processing and Food Industry (Semey Branch), Semey 071410, Kazakhstan
3
Laboratory of Biocontrol and Antimicrobial Resistance, Orel State University Named After I.S. Turgenev, 302026 Orel, Russia
4
Faculty of Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski Trg 12-16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomolecules 2020, 10(1), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10010084
Received: 30 October 2019 / Revised: 30 December 2019 / Accepted: 2 January 2020 / Published: 5 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pollen as Food and Feed)
Pollen is recognized as an excellent dietary supplement for human nutrition, which is why it can be found in different forms on the market (granules, capsules, tablets, pellets, and powders). But, the digestibility of pollen’s nutrients is strongly affected by the presence of a pollen shell, which can decrease the bioavailability of nutrients by 50% and more. Since consumers have become more aware of the benefits of a healthy diet and the necessity to improve pollen digestibility, different pollen-based functional food products have been developed and extensive studies were done to estimate the beneficial effects of pollen-based feed on animal growth, health, and rigor mortise stage. Considering the positive effects of pollen nutrients and phytometabolites on human and animal health, the aim of this paper was to give an overview of recent achievements in the application of pollen in the formulation of functional food and animal diets. Special attention was paid to the effects of pollen’s addition on the nutritional, functional, techno-functional, and sensory properties of the new formulated food products. Anti-nutritional properties of pollen were also discussed. This review points out the benefits of pollen addition to food and feed and the possible directions in the further development of functional food and feed for the wellbeing of everyone. View Full-Text
Keywords: bee-collected pollen; floral pollen; feed ingredient; food ingredient; pollen-based food products; anti-nutrients bee-collected pollen; floral pollen; feed ingredient; food ingredient; pollen-based food products; anti-nutrients
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Kostić, A.Ž.; Milinčić, D.D.; Barać, M.B.; Ali Shariati, M.; Tešić, Ž.L.; Pešić, M.B. The Application of Pollen as a Functional Food and Feed Ingredient—The Present and Perspectives. Biomolecules 2020, 10, 84.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop