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Sci. Pharm. 2018, 86(4), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/scipharm86040050

Molecular Conformations and Biological Activity of N-Hetaryl(aryl)alkyl-4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamides

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, National University of Pharmacy, 53 Pushkinska st., 61002 Kharkiv, Ukraine
2
Department of Pharmacology, N.I. Pirogov Vinnitsa National Medical University, 56 Pirogov st., 21018 Vinnitsa, Ukraine
3
STC “Institute for Single Crystals”, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 60 Nauki ave., 61001 Kharkiv, Ukraine
4
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 4 Svobody sq., 61077 Kharkiv, Ukraine
5
Department of Medical Chemistry, National University of Pharmacy, 4 Valentynivska st., 61168 Kharkiv, Ukraine
6
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Far Eastern State Medical University, 35 Murav’eva-Amurskogo st., 680000 Khabarovsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2018 / Revised: 22 November 2018 / Accepted: 28 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heterocyclic Chemistry in Drug Design)
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Abstract

The analysis of our previous studies on the search for synthetic analgesics among N-R-amides of bicyclic hetaryl-3-carboxylic acids has been performed; on its basis N-hetaryl(aryl)-alkyl-4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamides have been selected as new study objects. The “one pot synthesis” of these compounds, which is simple to perform and at the same time highly effective, has been offered. The method consists in the initial reaction of 4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxylic acid and N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide with the subsequent amidation of imidazolide formed with hetarylalkyl- or benzylamines in the same solvent. The peculiarities of 1H- and 13C-NMR spectra of the substances obtained, as well as their electrospray ionization liquid chromato-mass spectra are discussed. According to the results of the pharmacological tests carried out on the model of carrageenan inflammation it has been found that all without exception N-hetaryl(aryl)alkyl-4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamides demonstrate the statistically significant analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Among the substances presented in this article analgesics and antiphlogistics, which increase the pain threshold and suppress the inflammatory response more effectively than Lornoxicam and Diclofenac in the same doses, have been identified. The molecular and crystal structures of a large group of the substances synthesized have been studied by X-ray diffraction analysis. Comparison of these data with the results of biological tests has revealed the fact of excellent correlation between the molecular conformations of N-hetaryl(aryl)alkyl-4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamides recorded in the crystal and the potency of their analgesic effect. N-Thiophen-2-ylmethyl- and N-4-methoxybenzyl-amides of 4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxylic acid has shown a high analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, therefore, they deserve more careful research. View Full-Text
Keywords: 4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxylamide; 2,1-benzothiazine; crystal structure; molecular conformation; analgesic activity; anti-inflammatory action 4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxylamide; 2,1-benzothiazine; crystal structure; molecular conformation; analgesic activity; anti-inflammatory action
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Ukrainets, I.V.; Hamza, G.M.; Burian, A.A.; Voloshchuk, N.I.; Malchenko, O.V.; Shishkina, S.V.; Grinevich, L.A.; Grynenko, V.V.; Sim, G. Molecular Conformations and Biological Activity of N-Hetaryl(aryl)alkyl-4-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ6,1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamides. Sci. Pharm. 2018, 86, 50.

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