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Open AccessArticle

Artificial Intelligence-Based Discontinuous Reception for Energy Saving in 5G Networks

1
College of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea
2
Department of Electrical Engineering, Bahria University, Karachi 75260, Pakistan
3
College of Software, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea
4
Advanced Communication Technology, Wireless System Design, MediaTek USA Inc., San Jose, CA 95134, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2019, 8(7), 778; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8070778
Received: 17 June 2019 / Revised: 6 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 11 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Massive MIMO Systems)
5G is expected to deal with high data rates for different types of wireless traffic. To enable high data rates, 5G employs beam searching operation to align the best beam pairs. Beam searching operation along with high order modulation techniques in 5G, exhausts the battery power of user equipment (UE). LTE network uses discontinuous reception (DRX) with fixed sleep cycles to save UE energy. LTE-DRX in current form cannot work in 5G network, as it does not consider multiple beam communication and the length of sleep cycle is fixed. On the other hand, artificial intelligence (AI) has a tendency to learn and predict the packet arrival-time values from real wireless traffic traces. In this paper, we present AI based DRX (AI-DRX) mechanism for energy efficiency in 5G enabled devices. We propose AI-DRX algorithm for multiple beam communications, to enable dynamic short and long sleep cycles in DRX. AI-DRX saves the energy of UE while considering delay requirements of different services. We train a recurrent neural network (RNN) on two real wireless traces with minimum root mean square error (RMSE) of 5 ms for trace 1 and 6 ms for trace 2. Then, we utilize the trained RNN model in AI-DRX algorithm to make dynamic short or long sleep cycles. As compared to LTE-DRX, AI-DRX achieves 69 % higher energy efficiency on trace 1 and 55 % more energy efficiency on trace 2, respectively. The AI-DRX attains 70 % improvement in energy efficiency for trace 2 compared with Poisson packet arrival model for λ = 1 / 20 . View Full-Text
Keywords: discontinuous deception; multiple beam communications; artificial intelligence; energy efficiency; 5G; wireless communications discontinuous deception; multiple beam communications; artificial intelligence; energy efficiency; 5G; wireless communications
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Memon, M.L.; Maheshwari, M.K.; Saxena, N.; Roy, A.; Shin, D.R. Artificial Intelligence-Based Discontinuous Reception for Energy Saving in 5G Networks. Electronics 2019, 8, 778.

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