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Open AccessArticle

Energy Efficiency Optimization for Massive MIMO Non-Orthogonal Unicast and Multicast Transmission with Statistical CSI

National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
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Electronics 2019, 8(8), 857; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8080857
Received: 16 July 2019 / Revised: 28 July 2019 / Accepted: 30 July 2019 / Published: 1 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Massive MIMO Systems)
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Abstract

We study the energy efficiency (EE) optimization problem in non-orthogonal unicast and multicast transmission for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) systems with statistical channel state information of all receivers available at the transmitter. Firstly, we formulate the EE maximization problem. We reduce the number of variables to be solved and simplify this large-dimensional-matrix-valued problem into a real-vector-valued problem. Next, we lower the computational complexity significantly by replacing the objective with its deterministic equivalent to avoid the high-complex expectation operation. With guaranteed convergence, we propose an iterative algorithm on beam domain power allocation using the minorize maximize algorithm and Dinkelbach’s transform and derive the locally optimal power allocation strategy to achieve the optimal EE. Finally, we illustrate the significant EE performance gain of our EE maximization algorithm compared with the conventional approach through conducting numerical simulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy efficiency; non-orthogonal unicast and multicast transmission; statistical channel state information; massive MIMO; beam domain energy efficiency; non-orthogonal unicast and multicast transmission; statistical channel state information; massive MIMO; beam domain
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Wang, W.; Huang, Y.; You, L.; Xiong, J.; Li, J.; Gao, X. Energy Efficiency Optimization for Massive MIMO Non-Orthogonal Unicast and Multicast Transmission with Statistical CSI. Electronics 2019, 8, 857.

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