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Open AccessArticle

A 103 dB DR Fourth-Order Delta-Sigma Modulator for Sensor Applications

The Department of Electrical Engineering, Hanyang University, Ansan 426-791, Korea
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Electronics 2019, 8(10), 1093; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics8101093
Received: 31 August 2019 / Revised: 21 September 2019 / Accepted: 24 September 2019 / Published: 26 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Circuit and Signal Processing)
This paper describes a fourth-order cascade-of-integrators with feedforward (CIFF) single-bit discrete-time (DT) switched-capacitor (SC) delta-sigma modulator (DSM) for high-resolution applications. This DSM is suitable for high-resolution applications at low frequency using a high-order modulator structure. The proposed operational transconductance amplifier (OTA), used a feedforward amplifier scheme that provided a high-power efficiency, a wider bandwidth, and a higher DC gain compared to recent designs. A chopper-stabilization technique was applied to the first integrator to remove the 1/f noise from the transistor, which is inversely proportional to the frequency. The designed DSM was implemented using 0.35 µm complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. The oversampling ratio (OSR) was 128, and the sampling frequency was 128 kHz. At a 500 Hz bandwidth, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was 100.3 dB, the signal-to-noise distortion ratio (SNDR) was 98.5 dB, and the dynamic range (DR) was 103 dB. The measured total power dissipation was 99 µW from a 3.3 V supply voltage. View Full-Text
Keywords: delta-sigma modulator; feedforward architecture; operational transconductance amplifier; biomedical sensor delta-sigma modulator; feedforward architecture; operational transconductance amplifier; biomedical sensor
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Lee, J.; Song, S.; Roh, J. A 103 dB DR Fourth-Order Delta-Sigma Modulator for Sensor Applications. Electronics 2019, 8, 1093.

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