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To Play or Not to Play: Can an Instrument Really Impact Lip and Tongue Performance?

Department of Human Performance and Recreation, Brigham Young University-Idaho, Rexburg, ID 83460, USA
Department of Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management, Kevser Ermin Applied Physiology Laboratory, School of Applied Sciences, The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cosmetics 2020, 7(2), 50;
Received: 22 May 2020 / Revised: 17 June 2020 / Accepted: 19 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
(1) Background: Increasing tongue and lip strength may help improve various speech and swallowing disorders, but it is unclear if instrumentalists who use these muscle groups for long periods of time have greater strength and endurance compared to controls. It is also unclear if instrumentalists can more accurately estimate various exercise intensities. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in lip and tongue strength and endurance between instrumentalists and non-instrumentalists (controls). A secondary purpose was to assess differences in ability to estimate various exercise intensities between the two groups. (2) Methods: Instrumentalists and controls’ maximum strength and endurance were measured using the IOPI Pro medical device. In addition, 40%, 60% and 80% of maximum strength were estimated in a randomized order. (3) Results: No significant differences were found between instrumentalists and controls in strength or endurance or the ability to estimate various intensities. Overall, participants were better at estimating tongue strength at moderate intensities and lip strength at higher intensities. (4) Conclusion: Tongue and lip strength and endurance and the ability to estimate exercise intensities are not impacted by years of instrumentalist training compared to healthy controls. View Full-Text
Keywords: orofacial muscles; instrumentalists; exercise intensity orofacial muscles; instrumentalists; exercise intensity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thiebaud, R.S.; Abe, T.; Denning, W.M.; Loenneke, J.P.; Okerlund, M.J.; Ryan, J.S.J.; Boyce, W.; McBride, M.; Hernandez, J. To Play or Not to Play: Can an Instrument Really Impact Lip and Tongue Performance? Cosmetics 2020, 7, 50.

AMA Style

Thiebaud RS, Abe T, Denning WM, Loenneke JP, Okerlund MJ, Ryan JSJ, Boyce W, McBride M, Hernandez J. To Play or Not to Play: Can an Instrument Really Impact Lip and Tongue Performance? Cosmetics. 2020; 7(2):50.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thiebaud, Robert S., Takashi Abe, W. M. Denning, Jeremy P. Loenneke, Micah J. Okerlund, Joe S.J. Ryan, Whitney Boyce, Maggie McBride, and Jared Hernandez. 2020. "To Play or Not to Play: Can an Instrument Really Impact Lip and Tongue Performance?" Cosmetics 7, no. 2: 50.

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