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Open AccessReview

Non-Traditional and Non-Invasive Approaches in Facial Rejuvenation: A Brief Review

1
School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35233, USA
2
Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA
3
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Medicine/John D. Bower School of Population Health, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA
4
Department of Behavioral & Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39217, USA
5
College of Health Sciences, Walden University, Minneapolis, MN 55401, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cosmetics 2020, 7(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7010010
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 3 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
While injectables, lasers, and surgical interventions have traditionally been used to reverse the changes associated with facial aging, other alternative therapies such as facial acupuncture and facial exercises are now being studied for facial rejuvenation. In this paper, we both summarize the concepts of facial acupuncture and facial exercises, and review seven studies that evaluate the efficacy of these modalities. Data from these studies suggest that both facial acupuncture and facial exercises have the potential to improve the skin laxity, wrinkle length, muscle thickness, and pigmentary changes associated with aging. Patients frequently reported improvement and experienced very few side effects. However, further research is necessary before these modalities are widely accepted as effective by the medical community, though the results of these studies may ultimately make providers less hesitant when patients seek out these services. View Full-Text
Keywords: photoaging; facial rejuvenation; facial acupuncture; facial exercises photoaging; facial rejuvenation; facial acupuncture; facial exercises
MDPI and ACS Style

M. Smith, A.; Ferris, T.; K. Nahar, V.; Sharma, M. Non-Traditional and Non-Invasive Approaches in Facial Rejuvenation: A Brief Review. Cosmetics 2020, 7, 10.

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