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Open AccessArticle

A Practical Method for Assessing Lip Compression Strengthening in Healthy Adults

1
Department of Health, Exercise Science, & Recreation Management, Kevser Ermin Applied Physiology Laboratory, The University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677, USA
2
Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goiás, Goiânia 74690-900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cosmetics 2020, 7(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/cosmetics7010005
Received: 8 December 2019 / Revised: 23 December 2019 / Accepted: 1 January 2020 / Published: 3 January 2020
There is no practical and accessible assessment method to evaluate lip muscle compression strength. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the standard method (i.e., Iowa Oral Performance Instrument) and a practical method in healthy adults. In order to achieve our research purpose, ninety-eight healthy adults (18–40 years) completed lip compression strength measurements (standard method) and lip grasping performance tests using a standard recyclable plastic water bottle (practical method). In the overall sample, the mean and standard deviation for standard method and practical method was 26.7 (7.0) kPa and 255 (119) g, respectively. For the overall sample (n = 98), there was a positive relationship between the two strength tasks [r = 0.56 (0.41, 0.68)]. When separated by sex, positive correlations were observed for men and women with no differences between the observed correlations [difference of 0.06 (−0.2646, 0.3917)]. This result indicates that those individuals who are strong in the standard task will often be strong in the practical task. Future research is needed to determine how well changes in each test track with each other in response to a lip strength training program. View Full-Text
Keywords: lip closure function; orbicularis oris muscle; water bottle; lip grasping lip closure function; orbicularis oris muscle; water bottle; lip grasping
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abe, T.; Bell, Z.W.; Wong, V.; Spitz, R.W.; Viana, R.B.; Yamada, Y.; Chatakondi, R.N.; Loenneke, J.P. A Practical Method for Assessing Lip Compression Strengthening in Healthy Adults. Cosmetics 2020, 7, 5.

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