Surface modification is an effective way to improve the hemocompatibility of biomaterials. Quercetin has significant anticoagulation and antithrombotic effects, and thus it is a promising candidate agent for the surface modification of blood-contacting materials. In this study, quercetin was successfully encapsulated in tripolyphosphate–chitosan nanoparticles (TCs) based on the ionic gelation of chitosan with tripolyphosphate (TPP) anions. Then, hyaluronan acid (HA)/quercetin-loaded TPP–chitosan nanoparticle (QTCs) films, in addition to HA/TCs films, were prepared separately using an electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. The encapsulation of quercetin in the chitosan nanoparticles was confirmed by UV spectra. The quercetin-loaded multilayer coatings were also successfully self-assembled, as confirmed by the UV spectra and contact angle measurements. Platelet adhesion experiments were carried out with platelet-enriched plasma so as to evaluate the blood compatibility of the different samples. There were many platelets on the surfaces of the glass and HA/TC-coated titanium, which were partially activated but not aggregated. Meanwhile, many more platelets were observed on the uncoated titanium surfaces, most of which developed pseudopodia. By contrast, the platelet adhesion and activation were reduced remarkably on the surface of the HA/QTC-coated titanium. These results showed that the multilayer coatings containing quercetin could act as potential biomaterials to improve the anticoagulation performance of blood-contacting materials.
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