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Open AccessArticle

Layer-by-Layer Deposition of Hyaluronan and Quercetin-Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles onto Titanium for Improving Blood Compatibility

by Xingda Wu 1,†, Cuijuan Liu 1,†, Hongpeng Chen 1, Yanfang Zhang 1, Lin Li 2 and Nan Tang 1,*
School of Biomedical Engineering, School of Pharmacy, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan 523808, China
Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of New Drug Screening, Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Drug Research for Emerging Virus Prevention and Treatment, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Coatings 2020, 10(3), 256;
Received: 23 January 2020 / Revised: 28 February 2020 / Accepted: 29 February 2020 / Published: 9 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multifunctional Coatings on Medical Devices)
Surface modification is an effective way to improve the hemocompatibility of biomaterials. Quercetin has significant anticoagulation and antithrombotic effects, and thus it is a promising candidate agent for the surface modification of blood-contacting materials. In this study, quercetin was successfully encapsulated in tripolyphosphate–chitosan nanoparticles (TCs) based on the ionic gelation of chitosan with tripolyphosphate (TPP) anions. Then, hyaluronan acid (HA)/quercetin-loaded TPP–chitosan nanoparticle (QTCs) films, in addition to HA/TCs films, were prepared separately using an electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. The encapsulation of quercetin in the chitosan nanoparticles was confirmed by UV spectra. The quercetin-loaded multilayer coatings were also successfully self-assembled, as confirmed by the UV spectra and contact angle measurements. Platelet adhesion experiments were carried out with platelet-enriched plasma so as to evaluate the blood compatibility of the different samples. There were many platelets on the surfaces of the glass and HA/TC-coated titanium, which were partially activated but not aggregated. Meanwhile, many more platelets were observed on the uncoated titanium surfaces, most of which developed pseudopodia. By contrast, the platelet adhesion and activation were reduced remarkably on the surface of the HA/QTC-coated titanium. These results showed that the multilayer coatings containing quercetin could act as potential biomaterials to improve the anticoagulation performance of blood-contacting materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomaterial; surface modification; self-assembly; multilayer; blood compatibility biomaterial; surface modification; self-assembly; multilayer; blood compatibility
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Wu, X.; Liu, C.; Chen, H.; Zhang, Y.; Li, L.; Tang, N. Layer-by-Layer Deposition of Hyaluronan and Quercetin-Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles onto Titanium for Improving Blood Compatibility. Coatings 2020, 10, 256.

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