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Open AccessArticle

The Stability of Metallic MoS2 Nanosheets and Their Property Change by Annealing

1
Department of Physics and Materials Science, University of Memphis, Memphis, TN 38152, USA
2
College of Electrical and Photoelectronic Engineering, West Anhui University, Lu’an 237012, Anhui, China
3
Department of Physics, Anhui Agriculture University, Hefei 230036, Anhui, China
4
School of Physics and Materials Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, Anhui, China
5
Department of Physics, University of North Texas, Denton, TX 76203, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(10), 1366; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9101366
Received: 28 August 2019 / Accepted: 10 September 2019 / Published: 24 September 2019
Highly pure 1T MoS2 nanosheets were grown at 200 °C by a hydrothermal process. The effects of mild annealing on the structural and physical properties of the MoS2 were studied by heating the nanosheets in air and vacuum up to 350 °C. It was found that the annealing leads to an increase in resistivity for the nanosheets by 3 orders of magnitude, the appearance of two absorption bands in the visible range, and a hydrophilic to hydrophobic change in the surface wetting properties. Monitoring of the annealing process by Raman spectroscopy indicates that the material property changes are associated with a 1T to 2H MoS2 phase transition, with activation energies of 517 meV in air and 260 meV in vacuum. This study provides another way to control the electrical, optical, and surface properties of MoS2 nanosheets for fulfilling the needs of various applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: MoS2 nanosheets; phase transition; annealing; stability; property change MoS2 nanosheets; phase transition; annealing; stability; property change
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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, L.; Chen, J.; Wu, K.; Cao, C.; Shi, S.; Cui, J. The Stability of Metallic MoS2 Nanosheets and Their Property Change by Annealing. Nanomaterials 2019, 9, 1366.

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