During the past 15 years, quasi one-dimensional (1D) Cadmium Selenide (CdSe) nanomaterials have been widely investigated for high-performance electronic and optoelectronic devices, due to the unique geometrical and physical properties. In this review, recent advancements on diverse synthesis methods of 1D CdSe nanomaterials and the application in photodetectors have been illustrated in detail. First, several bottom-up synthesis methods of 1D CdSe nanomaterials have been introduced, including the vapor-liquid-solid method, the solution-liquid-solid method, and electrochemical deposition, etc. Second, the discussion on photodetectors based on 1D CdSe nanomaterials has been divided into three parts, including photodiodes, photoconductors, and phototransistors. Besides, some new mechanisms (such as enhancement effect of localized surface plasmon, optical quenching effect of photoconductivity, and piezo-phototronic effect), which can be utilized to enhance the performance of photodetectors, have also been elaborated. Finally, some major challenges and opportunities towards the practical integration and application of 1D CdSe nanomaterials in photodetectors have been discussed, which need to be further investigated in the future.
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