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Article

From Hollow to Solid Carbon Spheres: Time-Dependent Facile Synthesis

Nanomaterials Physicochemistry Department, Faculty of Chemical Technology and Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Piastow Av. 45, 70311 Szczecin, Poland
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Nanomaterials 2018, 8(10), 861; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8100861
Received: 3 October 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 18 October 2018 / Published: 20 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Green Synthesis of Nanomaterials)
Here, we report a facile route for obtaining carbon spheres with fully tunable shell thickness. Using a hard template in chemical vapor deposition (CVD), hollow carbon spheres, solid carbon spheres, and intermediate structures can be obtained with optimized process time. The resulting carbon spheres with particle diameters of ~400 nm, as well as a controllable shell thickness from 0 to 70 nm, had high Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) specific surface area (up to 344.8 m2·g−1) and pore volume (up to 0.248 cm3·g−1). The sphere formation mechanism is also proposed. This simple and reproducible technique can deliver carbon materials for various applications, e.g., energy storage and conversion, adsorption, catalytic, biomedical, and environmental applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: mesoporous materials; carbon spheres; hollow carbon spheres; solid carbon spheres; CVD process; time dependence mesoporous materials; carbon spheres; hollow carbon spheres; solid carbon spheres; CVD process; time dependence
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kukułka, W.; Wenelska, K.; Baca, M.; Chen, X.; Mijowska, E. From Hollow to Solid Carbon Spheres: Time-Dependent Facile Synthesis. Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 861. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8100861

AMA Style

Kukułka W, Wenelska K, Baca M, Chen X, Mijowska E. From Hollow to Solid Carbon Spheres: Time-Dependent Facile Synthesis. Nanomaterials. 2018; 8(10):861. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8100861

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kukułka, Wojciech, Karolina Wenelska, Martyna Baca, Xuecheng Chen, and Ewa Mijowska. 2018. "From Hollow to Solid Carbon Spheres: Time-Dependent Facile Synthesis" Nanomaterials 8, no. 10: 861. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano8100861

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