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Eco-Interactions of Engineered Nanomaterials in the Marine Environment: Towards an Eco-Design Framework

1
Department of Physical, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Siena, Via P. A. Mattioli 4, 53100 Siena, Italy
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Department of Biology and Evolution of Marine Organisms, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy
3
Agro Paris Tech, Université Paris-Saclay, INRAE, UMR ECOSYS, 78026 Versailles, France
4
British Antarctic Survey, Natural Environment Research Council, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing Yan
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(8), 1903; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11081903
Received: 28 June 2021 / Revised: 14 July 2021 / Accepted: 22 July 2021 / Published: 24 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineered Nanomaterials for Environmental and Health Applications)
Marine nano-ecotoxicology has emerged with the purpose to assess the environmental risks associated with engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) among contaminants of emerging concerns entering the marine environment. ENMs’ massive production and integration in everyday life applications, associated with their peculiar physical chemical features, including high biological reactivity, have imposed a pressing need to shed light on risk for humans and the environment. Environmental safety assessment, known as ecosafety, has thus become mandatory with the perspective to develop a more holistic exposure scenario and understand biological effects. Here, we review the current knowledge on behavior and impact of ENMs which end up in the marine environment. A focus on titanium dioxide (n-TiO2) and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), among metal-based ENMs massively used in commercial products, and polymeric NPs as polystyrene (PS), largely adopted as proxy for nanoplastics, is made. ENMs eco-interactions with chemical molecules including (bio)natural ones and anthropogenic pollutants, forming eco- and bio-coronas and link with their uptake and toxicity in marine organisms are discussed. An ecologically based design strategy (eco-design) is proposed to support the development of new ENMs, including those for environmental applications (e.g., nanoremediation), by balancing their effectiveness with no associated risk for marine organisms and humans. View Full-Text
Keywords: marine pollution; engineered nanomaterials; nanoecotoxicology; bio-nano interactions; behavior; titanium dioxide; silver nanoparticles; polystyrene nanoparticles; eco-safety; eco-design marine pollution; engineered nanomaterials; nanoecotoxicology; bio-nano interactions; behavior; titanium dioxide; silver nanoparticles; polystyrene nanoparticles; eco-safety; eco-design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Corsi, I.; Bellingeri, A.; Eliso, M.C.; Grassi, G.; Liberatori, G.; Murano, C.; Sturba, L.; Vannuccini, M.L.; Bergami, E. Eco-Interactions of Engineered Nanomaterials in the Marine Environment: Towards an Eco-Design Framework. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 1903. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11081903

AMA Style

Corsi I, Bellingeri A, Eliso MC, Grassi G, Liberatori G, Murano C, Sturba L, Vannuccini ML, Bergami E. Eco-Interactions of Engineered Nanomaterials in the Marine Environment: Towards an Eco-Design Framework. Nanomaterials. 2021; 11(8):1903. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11081903

Chicago/Turabian Style

Corsi, Ilaria, Arianna Bellingeri, Maria C. Eliso, Giacomo Grassi, Giulia Liberatori, Carola Murano, Lucrezia Sturba, Maria L. Vannuccini, and Elisa Bergami. 2021. "Eco-Interactions of Engineered Nanomaterials in the Marine Environment: Towards an Eco-Design Framework" Nanomaterials 11, no. 8: 1903. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11081903

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