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Review

Nano-Enable Materials Promoting Sustainability and Resilience in Modern Agriculture

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Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (Ministry of Education), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
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Department of Environment, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
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Institute of Crystallography, CNR, Via Amendola 122/O, 70126 Bari, Italy
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Institute of Polymer Technology and Nanotechnology, Facultad de Arquitectura, University of Buenos Aires-CONICET, Diseño y Urbanismo, Intendente Güiraldes 2160, Pabellón III, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires C1428EGA, Argentina
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Institute of Crystallography, CNR, Via Salaria Km 29,300, 00015 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Oded Shoseyov
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(8), 2068; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11082068
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 5 August 2021 / Accepted: 12 August 2021 / Published: 15 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Engineered Nanomaterials for Environmental and Health Applications)
Intensive conventional agriculture and climate change have induced severe ecological damages and threatened global food security, claiming a reorientation of agricultural management and public policies towards a more sustainable development model. In this context, nanomaterials promise to support this transition by promoting mitigation, enhancing productivity, and reducing contamination. This review gathers recent research innovations on smart nanoformulations and delivery systems improving crop protection and plant nutrition, nanoremediation strategies for contaminated soils, nanosensors for plant health and food quality and safety monitoring, and nanomaterials as smart food-packaging. It also highlights the impact of engineered nanomaterials on soil microbial communities, and potential environmental risks, along with future research directions. Although large-scale production and in-field testing of nano-agrochemicals are still ongoing, the collected information indicates improvements in uptake, use efficiency, targeted delivery of the active ingredients, and reduction of leaching and pollution. Nanoremediation seems to have a low negative impact on microbial communities while promoting biodiversity. Nanosensors enable high-resolution crop monitoring and sustainable management of the resources, while nano-packaging confers catalytic, antimicrobial, and barrier properties, preserving food safety and preventing food waste. Though, the application of nanomaterials to the agri-food sector requires a specific risk assessment supporting proper regulations and public acceptance. View Full-Text
Keywords: food security; food safety; nano-agrochemicals; nanosensors; smart-packaging; sustainable development goals food security; food safety; nano-agrochemicals; nanosensors; smart-packaging; sustainable development goals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ur Rahim, H.; Qaswar, M.; Uddin, M.; Giannini, C.; Herrera, M.L.; Rea, G. Nano-Enable Materials Promoting Sustainability and Resilience in Modern Agriculture. Nanomaterials 2021, 11, 2068. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11082068

AMA Style

Ur Rahim H, Qaswar M, Uddin M, Giannini C, Herrera ML, Rea G. Nano-Enable Materials Promoting Sustainability and Resilience in Modern Agriculture. Nanomaterials. 2021; 11(8):2068. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11082068

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ur Rahim, Hafeez, Muhammad Qaswar, Misbah Uddin, Cinzia Giannini, Maria L. Herrera, and Giuseppina Rea. 2021. "Nano-Enable Materials Promoting Sustainability and Resilience in Modern Agriculture" Nanomaterials 11, no. 8: 2068. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11082068

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