Wavelet transform is a well-known multi-resolution tool to analyze the time series in the time-frequency domain. Wavelet basis is diverse but predefined by manual without taking the data into the consideration. Hence, it is a great challenge to select an appropriate wavelet basis to separate the low and high frequency components for the task on the hand. Inspired by the lifting scheme in the second-generation wavelet, the updater and predictor are learned directly from the time series to separate the low and high frequency components of the time series. An adaptive multi-scale wavelet neural network (AMSW-NN) is proposed for time series classification in this paper. First, candidate frequency decompositions are obtained by a multi-scale convolutional neural network in conjunction with a depthwise convolutional neural network. Then, a selector is used to choose the optimal frequency decomposition from the candidates. At last, the optimal frequency decomposition is fed to a classification network to predict the label. A comprehensive experiment is performed on the UCR archive. The results demonstrate that, compared with the classical wavelet transform, AMSW-NN could improve the performance based on different classification networks.
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