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Information 2019, 10(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/info10010027

Forecasting Issues of Wireless Communication Networks’ Cyber Resilience for An Intelligent Transportation System: An Overview of Cyber Attacks

1
R&D Department, The Bonch-Bruevich Saint-Petersburg State University of Telecommunications, Prospekt Bolshevikov 22-1, Saint Petersburg 193232, Russia
2
Department of Applied Mathematics and IT, Saint-Petersburg University of State Fire Service of Emercom of Russia, Moskovskiy prospekt 149, Saint Petersburg 196105, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 November 2018 / Revised: 1 January 2019 / Accepted: 10 January 2019 / Published: 14 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vehicular Networks and Applications)
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Abstract

During the last decade there has been an essential development of wireless communication technologies for intelligent transportation system (ITS) applications for motor transport; these advanced infocommunication technologies are called vehicular ad hoc networks (VANET). VANET/ITS, in particular, inform and warn drivers about possible obstacles, and also the possibility of how to organize coordinated actions. Therefore, any violation of its functioning by cyber attacks automatically influences the safety of people and automotive engineering on the road. The purpose of this article is to provide an analytical overview of cyber attacks on VANET/ITS, presented in state-of-the-art publications on this topic by the prediction of its cyber resistance. We start with an analysis of the top 10 cyber threats, considered according to the following schemes: attack mechanism, vulnerability, damage, object of attack, and a counter measure. We then set out a synergistic approach for assessing the cyber resistance of the forward-looking VANET/ITS conceptual model, formed by the merger of the internet of vehicles and software-defined networking technology. Finally, we identify open issues and associated research opportunities, the main ones being the formalization of threats, vulnerability stratification, the choice of the level of network management centralization and, last but not least, the modeling and prediction of VANET/ITS cyber resistance. View Full-Text
Keywords: intelligent transportation systems; VANET; cyber resilience; synergetic approach; forecasting intelligent transportation systems; VANET; cyber resilience; synergetic approach; forecasting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Buinevich, M.; Vladyko, A. Forecasting Issues of Wireless Communication Networks’ Cyber Resilience for An Intelligent Transportation System: An Overview of Cyber Attacks. Information 2019, 10, 27.

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