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Fatty Acids Produced by Neofusicoccum vitifusiforme and N. parvum, Fungi Associated with Grapevine Botryosphaeria Dieback

1
Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Naples ‘Federico II’, 80126 Naples, Italy
2
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Sciences (SAAF), University of Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2018, 8(12), 189; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8120189
Received: 21 September 2018 / Revised: 16 November 2018 / Accepted: 27 November 2018 / Published: 1 December 2018
There is evidence that secondary metabolites are involved in the fungal pathogenicity and virulence of Neofusicoccum spp. Fatty acids may also influence the plant–pathogen interaction but, so far, no information is available on their production by species of Neofusicoccum associated with Botryosphaeria dieback, which is a well-known syndrome of several plants with a complex etiology. In the present paper, the production of fatty acids in liquid medium, by strains of N. vitifusiforme and N. parvum associated with declining Sicilian vine plants, was evaluated. Data, acquired via gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC/MS), show the presence of linoleic acid as the most abundant fatty acid produced by both examined strains. In addition, the pathogenicity of N. vitifusiforme was tested on 2-year-old grapevine plants of cv. Inzolia. View Full-Text
Keywords: Botryosphaeriaceae; grapevine trunk diseases; GC/MS; azelaic acid; linoleic acid Botryosphaeriaceae; grapevine trunk diseases; GC/MS; azelaic acid; linoleic acid
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Salvatore, M.M.; Giambra, S.; Naviglio, D.; DellaGreca, M.; Salvatore, F.; Burruano, S.; Andolfi, A. Fatty Acids Produced by Neofusicoccum vitifusiforme and N. parvum, Fungi Associated with Grapevine Botryosphaeria Dieback. Agriculture 2018, 8, 189.

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