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Open AccessArticle

DEA Performance Measurements in Cotton Production of Harran Plain, Turkey: A Single and Double Bootstrap Truncated Regression Approaches

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Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Harran University, 63050 Şanlıurfa, Turkey
2
Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Atatürk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey
3
Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
4
Department of Bozova Vocational School, Harran University, 63850 Şanlıurfa, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2020, 10(4), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture10040108
Received: 9 February 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 3 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Productivity, Efficiency, and Sustainability in Agriculture)
A single and a double bootstrap of data envelopment analysis examines Harran Plain cotton farming in Turkey. The single bootstrap technique was employed to derive the bias-corrected efficiency values under both constant returns to scale (CRS) and versus variable returns to scale (VRS) technologies while discriminating between the two technologies using a smoothed bootstrap test statistic. Results indicated that the farms operated under VRS technology. Given that VRS technology prevailed across Harran Plain cotton farmers sampled, we then determined factors affecting the bias-corrected technical efficiencies using the double bootstrap technique. Another important finding in the single bootstrap analysis is that cotton farmers in the region have a U-shaped technical efficiency based on the input and output scale. Thus, small-scale farmers tend to use their resources more efficiently in cotton farming than that of both medium- and large-scale farmers. Interestingly, the medium-scale farmers with resource inefficiency are at the forefront of the other two types of farmers (i.e., small-scale and large-scale) on the Harran Plain in Turkey. The results also showed that most of the farm and farmer specific as well as economic factors play a significant role in explaining the technical efficiency values. View Full-Text
Keywords: cotton; data envelopment analysis; efficiency measurement; single and double bootstrap; Turkey cotton; data envelopment analysis; efficiency measurement; single and double bootstrap; Turkey
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Işgın, T.; Özel, R.; Bilgiç, A.; Florkowski, W.J.; Sevinç, M.R. DEA Performance Measurements in Cotton Production of Harran Plain, Turkey: A Single and Double Bootstrap Truncated Regression Approaches. Agriculture 2020, 10, 108.

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