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Open AccessArticle

Trends in Psychiatric Hospitalization of Children and Adolescents in Spain between 2005 and 2015

1
Department of Psychiatry, Complejo Asistencial de Zamora, 49022 Zamora, Spain
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Department of Pediatrics, Complejo Asistencial Universitario de Palencia, 34005 Palencia, Spain
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Department of Psychiatry, University of Salamanca Health Care Complex, 37007 Salamanca, Spain
4
Castilla y León Health Authority, Complejo Asistencial de Zamora, 49022 Zamora, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(12), 2111; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8122111
Received: 19 October 2019 / Revised: 13 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Psychiatry)
Eating disorders are on top of chronic conditions in children and adolescents, and the most severe cases may require hospitalization. Inpatient psychiatric treatment is one of the most expensive ones and therefore the efforts when treating eating disorders should focus on avoiding and shortening admissions, as well as preventing readmissions. Advances in of eating disorders treatment lie in an accurate knowledge of those patients requiring admission. This study examined the Conjunto Mínimo Básico de Datos—the largest public hospitalization database in Spain—to estimate the prevalence of eating and other psychiatric disorders during childhood and adolescence. It is a cross-sectional study of the hospital discharges in Castilla y León (Spain) from 2005 to 2015, in which patients under 18 years old with a psychiatric diagnosis at discharge were selected. Trends in the rates of hospitalization/1000 hospitalizations per year were studied by joinpoint regression analysis. Conclusions: eating disorders were the only group that presented an upward and continuous trend throughout the study period. This statistically significant increase showed an annual change of 7.8%. View Full-Text
Keywords: child psychiatry; eating disorders; big data; hospitalization; decision making; organizational child psychiatry; eating disorders; big data; hospitalization; decision making; organizational
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Llanes-Álvarez, C.; Andrés-de Llano, J.M.; Álvarez-Navares, A.I.; Pastor-Hidalgo, M.T.; Roncero, C.; Franco-Martín, M.A. Trends in Psychiatric Hospitalization of Children and Adolescents in Spain between 2005 and 2015. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 2111.

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