An important link between brain aging and a class of growth/survival factors called neurotrophins has recently been demonstrated. In particular, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a fundamental role during age-related synaptic loss, preventing cerebral atrophy and cognitive decline. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the use of low dose BDNF sequentially kinetic activated (SKA) was able to counteract some mechanisms underlying the degeneration and aging of nervous tissue by increasing endogenous protection mechanisms. Both in vitro and in vivo experiments were performed to assess the ability of BDNF SKA to protect and regenerate survival-related molecular pathways, studying intestinal absorption in vitro and brain function in vivo. Our pioneering results show that BDNF SKA is able to induce the endogenous production of BDNF, using its receptor TrkB and influencing the apolipoprotein E expression. Moreover, BDNF SKA exerted effects on β-Amyloid and Sirtuin 1 proteins, confirming the hypothesis of a fine endogenous regulatory effect exerted by BDNF SKA in maintaining the health of both neurons and astrocytes. For this reason, a change in BDNF turnover is considered as a positive factor against brain aging.
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