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Open AccessArticle

The Carabattola—Vibroacoustical Analysis and Intensity of Acoustic Radiation (IAR)

Department of Architecture, University of Bologna, Via dell’Università 50, 47521 Cesena, Italy
Faculty of Engineering and Physical Sciences, University of Southampton, Highfields, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Appl. Sci. 2020, 10(2), 641;
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 25 December 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Musical Instruments: Acoustics and Vibration)
Among the studies of musical instruments, one important, sometime underestimated discipline, is represented by ethnomusicology. The acoustic analyses on ethnic musical instruments (M.I.) are much more infrequent if compared to those on classical M.I. This article deals with the vibro-acoustic analysis on one of the most unknown ethnic, Italian M.I., i.e., the carabattola (also called battola), which used to be played in Italy until the late 1960s during the Holy Thursday before Easter. The study includes modal analysis and Intensity of Acoustic Radiation measured on an original carabattola, which was played in the Romagna area until the early twentieth century. After a brief overview about the theory of acoustic and vibrational analysis on musical instruments, the Intensity of acoustic radiation and its correlation with modal analysis are recalled, based on previous studies. In the experimental part of the article, the measurements conducted on the carabattola are described. Afterwards, the results obtained both from modal analysis and IAR measurements are analyzed and compared with other measurements previously conducted on musical (particularly percussion) instruments and commented. View Full-Text
Keywords: sound efficiency; intensity of acoustic radiation (IAR); Carabattola; modal analysis sound efficiency; intensity of acoustic radiation (IAR); Carabattola; modal analysis
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Tronchin, L.; Manfren, M.; Vodola, V. The Carabattola—Vibroacoustical Analysis and Intensity of Acoustic Radiation (IAR). Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 641.

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