Next Article in Journal
Waste Management and the Circular Economy in Cyprus—The Case of the SWAN Project
Next Article in Special Issue
CH4 and CO2 Emissions from the Decomposition of Microplastics in the Bottom Sediment—Preliminary Studies
Previous Article in Journal
Application of Calcified Structures in Fish as Indicators of Metal Exposure in Freshwater Ecosystems
Previous Article in Special Issue
Parks and Recreational Areas as Sinks of Plastic Debris in Urban Sites: The Case of Light-Density Microplastics in the City of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
 
 
Review

Environmental and Economic Impacts of Mismanaged Plastics and Measures for Mitigation

School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dimitrios Komilis
Environments 2022, 9(2), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9020015
Received: 29 December 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 18 January 2022 / Published: 21 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plastic Contamination: Challenges and Solutions)
The mismanagement of plastic materials has grown to become a mounting global pollution concern that is closely implicated in unsustainable production and consumption paradigms. The ecological, social, and economic impacts of plastic waste mismanagement are currently transboundary in nature and have necessitated numerous methods of government intervention in order to address and mitigate the globalized and multifaceted dilemmas posed by high rates and volumes of plastic waste generation. This review examines the current landscape of a plastics economy which has operated with a linear momentum, employing large quantities of primary resources and disincentivizing the functioning of a robust recycling market for collecting plastic waste and reintegrating it into the consumer market. This contextualizes an increasing plastic pollution crisis that has required global efforts to address and mitigate the ecological risks and socio-economic challenges of mismanaged plastic waste. A timeline of government interventions regarding plastic pollution is described, including numerous international, regional, and local actions to combat plastic waste, and this is followed by an examination of the relevance of the extended producer responsibility principle to improve plastic waste management and obligate industry to assume responsibility in waste collection and recycling. View Full-Text
Keywords: plastic pollution; marine litter; food packaging; single-use plastics (SUPs); recycling and reuse; extended producer responsibility (EPR) plastic pollution; marine litter; food packaging; single-use plastics (SUPs); recycling and reuse; extended producer responsibility (EPR)
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Diggle, A.; Walker, T.R. Environmental and Economic Impacts of Mismanaged Plastics and Measures for Mitigation. Environments 2022, 9, 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9020015

AMA Style

Diggle A, Walker TR. Environmental and Economic Impacts of Mismanaged Plastics and Measures for Mitigation. Environments. 2022; 9(2):15. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9020015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Diggle, Avalon, and Tony R. Walker. 2022. "Environmental and Economic Impacts of Mismanaged Plastics and Measures for Mitigation" Environments 9, no. 2: 15. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments9020015

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop