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Motivational Conflicts and the Psychological Structure of Perfectionism in Patients with Anxiety Disorders and Patients with Essential Hypertension

Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 11/9 Mokhovaya St, Moscow 125009, Russia
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Behav. Sci. 2020, 10(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/bs10010025
Received: 29 November 2019 / Revised: 18 December 2019 / Accepted: 28 December 2019 / Published: 1 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue XVI European Congress of Psychology)
Many studies have shown connections between perfectionism, motivation, and anxiety disorders (AD), as well as essential hypertension (EH). The objective of this study is to examine the connections between motivation and the structure of perfectionism in AD patients and EH patients compared to healthy individuals. Projective and semi-projective tests (thematic apperception test (TAT) of Heckhausen, Multi-Motive Grid) were used to measure motivation, while a perfectionism questionnaire by Hewitt and Flett was used to determine perfectionism levels. The participants were 21 AD patients, 21 EH patients, and 33 healthy individuals. EH patients show higher level of other-oriented perfectionism, and AD patients demonstrate increased levels of self-oriented perfectionism compared to the healthy group. Both groups of patients are motivated by fear of failure rather than hope for success, and they also demonstrate an increased fear of rejection. AD patients have an increased fear of power of other people. In EH patients, the fear of power seems to play a significant role as it correlates with many other variables. In EH patients, the other-oriented perfectionism is connected to achievement motivation, whereas in AD patients the same is true for socially prescribed perfectionism. Overall, studying motivation and perfectionism in relation to various disorders seems to offer research prospects. View Full-Text
Keywords: psychology; clinical; anxiety disorders; essential hypertension; motivation; perfectionism; projective techniques; achievement; power; psychological psychology; clinical; anxiety disorders; essential hypertension; motivation; perfectionism; projective techniques; achievement; power; psychological
MDPI and ACS Style

Pervichko, E.I.; Babaev, Y.A.; Podstreshnaya, A.K.; Zinchenko, Y.P. Motivational Conflicts and the Psychological Structure of Perfectionism in Patients with Anxiety Disorders and Patients with Essential Hypertension. Behav. Sci. 2020, 10, 25.

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