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Article

Relationship between the Quality of Colostrum and the Formation of Microflora in the Digestive Tract of Calves

1
Institute of Animal Science, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Ciszewskiego 8, 02-786 Warsaw, Poland
2
Department of Animal Science, Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jastrzębiec, Postępu 36A, 05-552 Magdalenka, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(8), 1293; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081293
Received: 29 June 2020 / Revised: 21 July 2020 / Accepted: 27 July 2020 / Published: 29 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Cattle)
Colostrum is a source of antibodies and immunostimulatory components; however, it is also a factor that guarantees the rapid multiplication of microorganisms in the digestive system, which significantly affects the proper functioning of the calf’s body. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the quality of colostrum and the formation of intestinal bacterial microflora in calves from birth to day 7. The study showed a significant influence of colostrum quality class on the formation of the intestinal microbiome and the daily weight gains of calves. The quality of the colostrum influences the intestinal microbiome. The higher the concentration of bioactive components, the more probiotic bacterial strains can develop.
The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the quality of colostrum and the formation of intestinal bacterial microflora in calves from birth to day 7. Seventy-five multiparous Polish Holstein–Friesian cows were selected. Colostrum samples were collected individually up to two hours after calving. The analysis was carried out on 75 calves; which were divided into three groups based on the colostrum quality class of the first milking. Faecal samples were collected rectally from each calf on its seventh day of life. Calves were weighed twice; on days 0 and 7 of life. It has been shown that with a higher concentration of colostrum protein fraction, primarily immunoglobulins, the colonisation of anaerobic bacteria occurs faster. Colostrum with a density >1.070 g/cm3 promoted the significant development of Lactobacilli and Bifidobacterium spp. which at the same time contributed to the reduction of unfavourable microflora, such as Coliforms or Enterococci. Regardless of the initial body weight, daily weight gains were highest for calves fed with colostrum with a density >1.070 g/cm3. The study showed a significant influence of colostrum quality class on the formation of the intestinal microflora and the daily weight gains of calves. View Full-Text
Keywords: colostrum; calves; immunoglobulin; intestinal microflora colostrum; calves; immunoglobulin; intestinal microflora
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MDPI and ACS Style

Puppel, K.; Gołębiewski, M.; Konopka, K.; Kunowska-Slósarz, M.; Slósarz, J.; Grodkowski, G.; Przysucha, T.; Balcerak, M.; Madras-Majewska, B.; Sakowski, T. Relationship between the Quality of Colostrum and the Formation of Microflora in the Digestive Tract of Calves. Animals 2020, 10, 1293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081293

AMA Style

Puppel K, Gołębiewski M, Konopka K, Kunowska-Slósarz M, Slósarz J, Grodkowski G, Przysucha T, Balcerak M, Madras-Majewska B, Sakowski T. Relationship between the Quality of Colostrum and the Formation of Microflora in the Digestive Tract of Calves. Animals. 2020; 10(8):1293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081293

Chicago/Turabian Style

Puppel, Kamila, Marcin Gołębiewski, Katarzyna Konopka, Małgorzata Kunowska-Slósarz, Jan Slósarz, Grzegorz Grodkowski, Tomasz Przysucha, Marek Balcerak, Beata Madras-Majewska, and Tomasz Sakowski. 2020. "Relationship between the Quality of Colostrum and the Formation of Microflora in the Digestive Tract of Calves" Animals 10, no. 8: 1293. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10081293

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