Comparison of Chinese Broiler Production Systems in Economic Performance and Animal Welfare
Department of Agriculture Economic and Management, Shenyang Agriculture University, Shenyang 100161, China
Business Economics Group, Wageningen University, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN Wageningen, The Netherlands
Wellhope-De Heus Animal Nutrition B.V. Nr. 2 International Mansion 2, 9A-B, Information rd. 2, Beijing 100085, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 February 2020 / Revised: 3 March 2020 / Accepted: 10 March 2020 / Published: 15 March 2020
There are three main rearing systems for white-feathered broilers in China. They are the net floor system (NFS), the normal cage system (NCS), and the high standard cage system (HCS). This study compared the relationship between economic benefit and animal welfare between these systems. The high economic input, high output, and high profit in these three different rearing systems. The welfare scores were 778.24 ± 29.45, 691.09 ± 32.97, and 669.82 ± 22.79, respectively. As white-feathered broiler production in China has developed, from the conventional system to the latest system, both cost and economic profit have increased while the welfare score has decreased. This study explains why the level of animal welfare in China’s white-feathered broiler production is not high at present, and why breeders do not wish to improve the level of animal welfare production.