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Open AccessArticle

Can Moderate Levels of Organic Selenium in Dairy Cow Feed Naturally Enrich Dairy Products?

1
Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Veterinary, Regional Campus of International Excellence (CEIR) Campus Mare Nostrum, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2
Department of Food Technology, Nutrition and Bromatology, Faculty of Veterinary, Regional Campus of International Excellence (CEIR) Campus Mare Nostrum, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(12), 2269; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122269
Received: 2 October 2020 / Revised: 22 November 2020 / Accepted: 29 November 2020 / Published: 1 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Dietary Supplements on Livestock and Poultry Products)
Milk and dairy products, such as cheese and yogurt, can be useful sources of selenium-enriched products to increase human Se intake. We studied the effect of dairy cow feed supplementation with inorganic plus organic Se on milk yield, and on the Se enrichment of milk and dairy products to obtain naturally enriched products. Two groups of lactating cows were assigned to two feeding treatments, both with 0.240 mg Se/kg of ration dry matter: One was supplemented with inorganic Se, the other with a 60/40 ratio of inorganic Se/organic Se. The results showed that the inclusion of inorganic plus organic Se did not affect the yield or basic chemical composition of milk; however, the Se content of milk was higher with inorganic plus organic Se supplementation. Cheese from cows fed inorganic plus organic Se had a higher Se content, although this effect was not observed for yogurt. At a moderate level in the diet, sodium selenite plus Se yeast may be more effective than only inorganic Se, increasing the Se concentration in milk and cheese.
This work studied the effect of dairy cow ration supplementation with inorganic plus organic Se on metabolic status, milk yield, and the quality of milk and dairy products, especially its Se content. Twenty multiparous Holstein Friesian lactating cows were assigned to two feeding treatments. The cows were fed with 22.5 kg dry matter (DM) of total mixed ration (11.75 kg DM of forage plus 10.75 kg DM of concentrate) by head. There were two different concentrates with the same Se content (0.240 mg/kg of ration DM) but with different Se sources: The control (CON) was supplemented with inorganic Se (sodium selenite); and the other (IOSe) was supplemented with sodium selenite plus organic Se (Sel-Plex®), at 0.144 and 0.096 mg Se/kg of ration DM, respectively. The results indicated that, in general, the IOSe treatment did not modify the metabolic profile, and even decreased the total oxidant status (p < 0.05) and did not lead to a deterioration of quality and yield of milk. However, milk and cheese from IOSe had higher Se content (an increase of 29.7% and 38.2%, respectively) than CON (p < 0.01), but this effect was not observed in yogurt. In general, physical or sensorial parameters of cheeses did not show differences between treatments. Moderate inorganic plus organic Se supplementation may be more effective than inorganic Se, increasing the Se content in milk and cheese, without causing a deterioration in quality or productive parameters. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic selenium; feed additive; milk; dairy organic selenium; feed additive; milk; dairy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Azorín, I.; Madrid, J.; Martínez, S.; López, M.; López, M.B.; López, M.J.; Hernández, F. Can Moderate Levels of Organic Selenium in Dairy Cow Feed Naturally Enrich Dairy Products? Animals 2020, 10, 2269. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122269

AMA Style

Azorín I, Madrid J, Martínez S, López M, López MB, López MJ, Hernández F. Can Moderate Levels of Organic Selenium in Dairy Cow Feed Naturally Enrich Dairy Products? Animals. 2020; 10(12):2269. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122269

Chicago/Turabian Style

Azorín, Irene; Madrid, Josefa; Martínez, Silvia; López, Marina; López, María B.; López, Miguel J.; Hernández, Fuensanta. 2020. "Can Moderate Levels of Organic Selenium in Dairy Cow Feed Naturally Enrich Dairy Products?" Animals 10, no. 12: 2269. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122269

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