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Article

Physical, Nutritional, and Sensory Properties of Cheese Obtained from Goats Fed a Dietary Supplementation with Olive Leaves

1
Faculty of Bioscience and Technology for Food, Agriculture and Environment, University of Teramo, 64100 Teramo (TE), Italy
2
Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari, Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari (BA), Italy
3
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise “G. Caporale”, Via Campo Boario, 64100 Teramo (TE), Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Animals 2020, 10(12), 2238; https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122238
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 24 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 29 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Dietary Supplements on Livestock and Poultry Products)
This study aims to investigate the effects of cheese obtained from goats fed a dietary supplementation with olive leaves. Thirty Saanen goats were allocated into two groups, (1) a control group that received a standard diet, and (2) an experimental group whose diet was supplemented with olive leaves. The results suggest a positive role of olive leaves in improving the cheese fatty acids composition and oxidative stability during ripening. Moreover, there were several variations in the development of volatile flavor compounds, even if no changes were evidenced in the sensory properties.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the physical, nutritional, and sensory properties of cheese obtained from goats fed a dietary supplementation with olive leaves (OL). Thirty Saanen goats were randomly allocated into two groups of 15 goats each, (1) a control group fed with a standard diet (CG), and (2) an experimental group (EG) fed an OL-enriched diet. The trial lasted for 30 days. The milk of each group was then collected and used to produce Caciotta cheese, which was analyzed at the beginning and at the end of the ripening period (60 days). The results showed a positive effect of dietary OL supplementation in improving the fatty acid profiles due to the significant increase of unsaturated fatty acids, mostly α-linolenic acid (C18:3 n-3), with the consequent reduction of the ω-6/ω-3 ratio, a condition commonly associated with an increased health functionality of food products. Moreover, improved oxidative stability was observed in cheese during ripening, a presumable consequence of the transfer into the milk of dietary bioactive compounds, mainly polyphenols of high biological value, and credited as a marked antioxidant potential. Furthermore, reduced lipolytic action was observed in 60-day ripened cheese, even if no significant changes in sensory properties were evidenced. View Full-Text
Keywords: olive leaves; goat milk; linolenic acid; lipid peroxidation; volatile compounds; proteolysis olive leaves; goat milk; linolenic acid; lipid peroxidation; volatile compounds; proteolysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Innosa, D.; Ianni, A.; Faccia, M.; Martino, C.; Grotta, L.; Saletti, M.A.; Pomilio, F.; Martino, G. Physical, Nutritional, and Sensory Properties of Cheese Obtained from Goats Fed a Dietary Supplementation with Olive Leaves. Animals 2020, 10, 2238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122238

AMA Style

Innosa D, Ianni A, Faccia M, Martino C, Grotta L, Saletti MA, Pomilio F, Martino G. Physical, Nutritional, and Sensory Properties of Cheese Obtained from Goats Fed a Dietary Supplementation with Olive Leaves. Animals. 2020; 10(12):2238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122238

Chicago/Turabian Style

Innosa, Denise, Andrea Ianni, Michele Faccia, Camillo Martino, Lisa Grotta, Maria A. Saletti, Francesco Pomilio, and Giuseppe Martino. 2020. "Physical, Nutritional, and Sensory Properties of Cheese Obtained from Goats Fed a Dietary Supplementation with Olive Leaves" Animals 10, no. 12: 2238. https://doi.org/10.3390/ani10122238

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