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Review

Exploration of Plant-Microbe Interactions for Sustainable Agriculture in CRISPR Era

1
Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Plus Program), Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Research Center, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Korea
2
Division of Life Science (CK1 Program), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Microorganisms 2019, 7(8), 269; https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7080269
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 17 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Microbial Interactions)
Plants and microbes are co-evolved and interact with each other in nature. Plant-associated microbes, often referred to as plant microbiota, are an integral part of plant life. Depending on the health effects on hosts, plant–microbe (PM) interactions are either beneficial or harmful. The role of microbiota in plant growth promotion (PGP) and protection against various stresses is well known. Recently, our knowledge of community composition of plant microbiome and significant driving factors have significantly improved. So, the use of plant microbiome is a reliable approach for a next green revolution and to meet the global food demand in sustainable and eco-friendly agriculture. An application of the multifaceted PM interactions needs the use of novel tools to know critical genetic and molecular aspects. Recently discovered clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas-mediated genome editing (GE) tools are of great interest to explore PM interactions. A systematic understanding of the PM interactions will enable the application of GE tools to enhance the capacity of microbes or plants for agronomic trait improvement. This review focuses on applying GE techniques in plants or associated microbiota for discovering the fundamentals of the PM interactions, disease resistance, PGP activity, and future implications in agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant microbiome; genome editing; CRISPR/Cas; plant disease resistance; plant growth promotion plant microbiome; genome editing; CRISPR/Cas; plant disease resistance; plant growth promotion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shelake, R.M.; Pramanik, D.; Kim, J.-Y. Exploration of Plant-Microbe Interactions for Sustainable Agriculture in CRISPR Era. Microorganisms 2019, 7, 269. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7080269

AMA Style

Shelake RM, Pramanik D, Kim J-Y. Exploration of Plant-Microbe Interactions for Sustainable Agriculture in CRISPR Era. Microorganisms. 2019; 7(8):269. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7080269

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shelake, Rahul M., Dibyajyoti Pramanik, and Jae-Yean Kim. 2019. "Exploration of Plant-Microbe Interactions for Sustainable Agriculture in CRISPR Era" Microorganisms 7, no. 8: 269. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms7080269

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